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A Book of Articles to prevent or detect frauds in the Customs, 1572

Research output: Other contribution

Original languageEnglish
Publisher or commissioning bodyUniversity of Bristol
StatePublished - 31 Aug 2011


Annotated transcription, accompanied by a short introduction, to a 'book of articles' sent to William Cecil, Lord Burghley, shortly after he was made Lord Treasurer of England in July 1572. The book describes the nature and causes of frauds perpetrated in the evasion of customs duties and proposes reforms to the customs service and the law that could curtail such frauds.

Additional information

Contributor: British Library Other Identifier: British Library, Lansdowne 110, no. 40, fols. 117-25 The following conventions were employed when transcribing the document: the line spacing, spelling, capitalization, underlining, deletions and punctuation follow the manuscript; reconstructions of suspensions are in italics. Squared brackets indicate editorial additions. Erasures, which are noted, appear to have been performed by the scribe and seem to represent corrections of transcription errors.

Research areas

  • smuggling, Customs, Burghley, fraud

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