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A novel wideband dynamic directional indoor channel model based on a Markov process

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages1539 - 1552
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Journal publication dateJul 2005
Volume4
Journal issue4
DOIs
StatePublished

Abstract

A novel stochastic wideband dynamic spatio-temporal indoor channel model which incorporates both the spatial and temporal domain properties as well as the dynamic evolution of paths when the mobile moves is proposed based on the concept of a Markov process. The derived model is based on dynamic measurement data collected at a carrier frequency of 5.2 GHz in typical indoor environments. Multipath components are estimated using the super-resolution frequency domain space-alternating generalized expectation maximization algorithm prior to identification of path "birth" and "death" using a new data analysis method. Analysis shows that multiple births and deaths are possible at any instant of time. Furthermore, correlation exists between the number of births and deaths. Thus, an M-step 4-state Markov channel model (MCM) is proposed in order to account for these two effects. The spatio-temporal variations of paths within their lifespans are taken into consideration by the spatio-temporal vector which was found to be well modeled by a Gaussian probability density function while the power variation can be modeled by a simple low-pass filter. In addition, the methodology used to extract the MCM parameters from the measurement data is also presented. Due to the distinction in the birth-death statistics, the model is generalized through segmentation of the measurement runs and can be completely parameterized by several sets of Markov parameters associated with the type of environment and scenario under consideration. The implementation of the model is also detailed and, finally, the model is evaluated by comparing key statistics of the simulation results with the measurement results.

Additional information

Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Rose publication type: Journal article Sponsorship: This work was supported in part by the Virtual Center of Excellence in Mobile and Personal Communications (Mobile VCE) Terms of use: Copyright © 2005 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the University of Bristol's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to pubs-permissions@ieee.org. By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it.

Research areas

  • Indoor radio communication, Markov processes, multipath channel, radio propagation

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