The rate equations describing a laser with phase conjugate feedback are analyzed in the case of non-zero detuning. For low feedback rates and detuning, the stability diagram of the steady state is similar to the laser subject to injection. A stable steady state may loose its stability through a Hopf bifurcation exhibiting a frequency close to the relaxation oscillation frequency of the solitary laser. We also construct time-periodic pulsating intensity solutions exhibiting frequencies close to an integer multiple of the external cavity frequency. These solutions have been found numerically for the zero detuning case and play an important role in the bifurcation diagram.
This paper was later published in Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics, edited by D. Lenstra, G. Morthier, T. Erneux, M. Pessa, Proc. of SPIE 5452 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2004), 263-272. and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of SPIE. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper