For multihop and ad hoc networks, a conventional 1-D channel model cannot capture the spatial correlation of the shadowing processes. This paper investigates the joint spatial correlation property of the shadowing process for peer-to-peer (P2P) radio links in urban environments. When a fixed base station is assumed, statistical analysis reveals that the shadowing process is mainly a result of spatial displacement at the mobile station (MS). Furthermore, the joint correlation property of the MS-MS channel shows that MS displacements at each end of the P2P link have an independent and equal effect on the correlation coefficient. A sum-of-sinusoids simulation model is proposed to generate the joint correlation shadowing process for urban P2P radio channels. The performance of the proposed channel simulator is analyzed in terms of the autocorrelation and joint correlation function of the simulated shadowing process. Simulations illustrate that the proposed model is able to output deterministic shadowing with a normal distribution (in decibels) and the desired correlation properties. It is thus suitable for use in system-level simulations, such as the evaluation of routing and radio resource management algorithms in ad hoc or mesh networks
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
Rose publication type: Journal article
Sponsorship: This work was supported in part by the IST-2001-32549 ROMANTIK Project
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- ad hoc, channel model, multihop, shadowing, spatial correlation, urban, FADING CHANNELS, SIMULATION-MODEL, SYSTEMS