Skip to content

The analysis of medium-sized arrays of complex elements using a combination of FDTD and reaction matching

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Pages (from-to)707 - 714
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Journal issue4
StatePublished - Apr 1999


The analysis of medium-sized arrays of complex antenna elements by means of a full-wave technique often requires impractical amounts of computer power. Nevertheless, it is essential that all the mutual couplings between elements are taken into account. A technique is presented in which the individual element is characterized using the FDTD method and, using the information this provides, the behavior of the complete array is predicted using a method based on reaction matching. Results using this method are compared to measurement and to results obtained using a complete full-wave analysis for three- and five-element arrays of printed dipoles. The error introduced by the approximation is shown to be small in most cases. For arrays of between 10 and 50 elements, savings in computer time of several orders of magnitude can be achieved and, in addition, changes in array geometry do not always necessitate all the results being recalculated

Additional information

Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) Rose publication type: Journal article Terms of use: Copyright © 1999 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the University of Bristol's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it.

Research areas

  • antenna arrays, printed antennas, FDTD

Download statistics

No data available

View research connections

Related faculties, schools or groups