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A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711-2016)

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A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711-2016). / Murphy, Conor; Broderick, Ciaran; Burt, Timothy P.; Curley, Mary; Duffy, Catriona; Hall, Julia; Harrigan, Shaun; Matthews, Tom K.R.; Macdonald, Neil; McCarthy, Gerard; McCarthy, Mark P.; Mullan, Donal; Noone, Simon; Osborn, Timothy J.; Ryan, Ciara; Sweeney, John; Thorne, Peter; Walsh, Seamus; Wilby, Robert L.

In: Climate of the Past, Vol. 14, No. 3, 27.03.2018, p. 413-440.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Murphy, C, Broderick, C, Burt, TP, Curley, M, Duffy, C, Hall, J, Harrigan, S, Matthews, TKR, Macdonald, N, McCarthy, G, McCarthy, MP, Mullan, D, Noone, S, Osborn, TJ, Ryan, C, Sweeney, J, Thorne, P, Walsh, S & Wilby, RL 2018, 'A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711-2016)' Climate of the Past, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 413-440. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-413-2018

APA

Murphy, C., Broderick, C., Burt, T. P., Curley, M., Duffy, C., Hall, J., ... Wilby, R. L. (2018). A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711-2016). Climate of the Past, 14(3), 413-440. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-413-2018

Vancouver

Murphy C, Broderick C, Burt TP, Curley M, Duffy C, Hall J et al. A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711-2016). Climate of the Past. 2018 Mar 27;14(3):413-440. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-413-2018

Author

Murphy, Conor ; Broderick, Ciaran ; Burt, Timothy P. ; Curley, Mary ; Duffy, Catriona ; Hall, Julia ; Harrigan, Shaun ; Matthews, Tom K.R. ; Macdonald, Neil ; McCarthy, Gerard ; McCarthy, Mark P. ; Mullan, Donal ; Noone, Simon ; Osborn, Timothy J. ; Ryan, Ciara ; Sweeney, John ; Thorne, Peter ; Walsh, Seamus ; Wilby, Robert L. / A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711-2016). In: Climate of the Past. 2018 ; Vol. 14, No. 3. pp. 413-440.

Bibtex

@article{bc55dc3905fd49ea8d193d444fd976d8,
title = "A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711-2016)",
abstract = "A continuous 305-year (1711-2016) monthly rainfall series (IoI-1711) is created for the Island of Ireland. The post 1850 series draws on an existing quality assured rainfall network for Ireland, while pre-1850 values come from instrumental and documentary series compiled, but not published by the UK Met Office. The series is evaluated by comparison with independent long-term observations and reconstructions of precipitation, temperature and circulation indices from across the British-Irish Isles. Strong decadal consistency of IoI-1711 with other long-term observations is evident throughout the annual, boreal spring and autumn series. Annually, the most recent decade (2006-2015) is found to be the wettest in over 300 years. The winter series is probably too dry between the 1740s and 1780s, but strong consistency with other long-term observations strengthens confidence from 1790 onwards. The IoI-1711 series has remarkably wet winters during the 1730s, concurrent with a period of strong westerly airflow, glacial advance throughout Scandinavia and near unprecedented warmth in the Central England Temperature record - all consistent with a strongly positive phase of the North Atlantic Oscillation. Unusually wet summers occurred in the 1750s, consistent with proxy (tree-ring) reconstructions of summer precipitation in the region. Our analysis shows that inter-decadal variability of precipitation is much larger than previously thought, while relationships with key modes of climate variability are time-variant. The IoI-1711 series reveals statistically significant multi-centennial trends in winter (increasing) and summer (decreasing) seasonal precipitation. However, given uncertainties in the early winter record, the former finding should be regarded as tentative. The derived record, one of the longest continuous series in Europe, offers valuable insights for understanding multi-decadal and centennial rainfall variability in Ireland, and provides a firm basis for benchmarking other long-term records and reconstructions of past climate. Correlation of Irish rainfall with other parts of Europe increases the utility of the series for understanding historical climate in further regions.",
author = "Conor Murphy and Ciaran Broderick and Burt, {Timothy P.} and Mary Curley and Catriona Duffy and Julia Hall and Shaun Harrigan and Matthews, {Tom K.R.} and Neil Macdonald and Gerard McCarthy and McCarthy, {Mark P.} and Donal Mullan and Simon Noone and Osborn, {Timothy J.} and Ciara Ryan and John Sweeney and Peter Thorne and Seamus Walsh and Wilby, {Robert L.}",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "27",
doi = "10.5194/cp-14-413-2018",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "413--440",
journal = "Climate of the Past",
issn = "1814-9324",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
number = "3",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711-2016)

AU - Murphy, Conor

AU - Broderick, Ciaran

AU - Burt, Timothy P.

AU - Curley, Mary

AU - Duffy, Catriona

AU - Hall, Julia

AU - Harrigan, Shaun

AU - Matthews, Tom K.R.

AU - Macdonald, Neil

AU - McCarthy, Gerard

AU - McCarthy, Mark P.

AU - Mullan, Donal

AU - Noone, Simon

AU - Osborn, Timothy J.

AU - Ryan, Ciara

AU - Sweeney, John

AU - Thorne, Peter

AU - Walsh, Seamus

AU - Wilby, Robert L.

PY - 2018/3/27

Y1 - 2018/3/27

N2 - A continuous 305-year (1711-2016) monthly rainfall series (IoI-1711) is created for the Island of Ireland. The post 1850 series draws on an existing quality assured rainfall network for Ireland, while pre-1850 values come from instrumental and documentary series compiled, but not published by the UK Met Office. The series is evaluated by comparison with independent long-term observations and reconstructions of precipitation, temperature and circulation indices from across the British-Irish Isles. Strong decadal consistency of IoI-1711 with other long-term observations is evident throughout the annual, boreal spring and autumn series. Annually, the most recent decade (2006-2015) is found to be the wettest in over 300 years. The winter series is probably too dry between the 1740s and 1780s, but strong consistency with other long-term observations strengthens confidence from 1790 onwards. The IoI-1711 series has remarkably wet winters during the 1730s, concurrent with a period of strong westerly airflow, glacial advance throughout Scandinavia and near unprecedented warmth in the Central England Temperature record - all consistent with a strongly positive phase of the North Atlantic Oscillation. Unusually wet summers occurred in the 1750s, consistent with proxy (tree-ring) reconstructions of summer precipitation in the region. Our analysis shows that inter-decadal variability of precipitation is much larger than previously thought, while relationships with key modes of climate variability are time-variant. The IoI-1711 series reveals statistically significant multi-centennial trends in winter (increasing) and summer (decreasing) seasonal precipitation. However, given uncertainties in the early winter record, the former finding should be regarded as tentative. The derived record, one of the longest continuous series in Europe, offers valuable insights for understanding multi-decadal and centennial rainfall variability in Ireland, and provides a firm basis for benchmarking other long-term records and reconstructions of past climate. Correlation of Irish rainfall with other parts of Europe increases the utility of the series for understanding historical climate in further regions.

AB - A continuous 305-year (1711-2016) monthly rainfall series (IoI-1711) is created for the Island of Ireland. The post 1850 series draws on an existing quality assured rainfall network for Ireland, while pre-1850 values come from instrumental and documentary series compiled, but not published by the UK Met Office. The series is evaluated by comparison with independent long-term observations and reconstructions of precipitation, temperature and circulation indices from across the British-Irish Isles. Strong decadal consistency of IoI-1711 with other long-term observations is evident throughout the annual, boreal spring and autumn series. Annually, the most recent decade (2006-2015) is found to be the wettest in over 300 years. The winter series is probably too dry between the 1740s and 1780s, but strong consistency with other long-term observations strengthens confidence from 1790 onwards. The IoI-1711 series has remarkably wet winters during the 1730s, concurrent with a period of strong westerly airflow, glacial advance throughout Scandinavia and near unprecedented warmth in the Central England Temperature record - all consistent with a strongly positive phase of the North Atlantic Oscillation. Unusually wet summers occurred in the 1750s, consistent with proxy (tree-ring) reconstructions of summer precipitation in the region. Our analysis shows that inter-decadal variability of precipitation is much larger than previously thought, while relationships with key modes of climate variability are time-variant. The IoI-1711 series reveals statistically significant multi-centennial trends in winter (increasing) and summer (decreasing) seasonal precipitation. However, given uncertainties in the early winter record, the former finding should be regarded as tentative. The derived record, one of the longest continuous series in Europe, offers valuable insights for understanding multi-decadal and centennial rainfall variability in Ireland, and provides a firm basis for benchmarking other long-term records and reconstructions of past climate. Correlation of Irish rainfall with other parts of Europe increases the utility of the series for understanding historical climate in further regions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044784682&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5194/cp-14-413-2018

DO - 10.5194/cp-14-413-2018

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 413

EP - 440

JO - Climate of the Past

T2 - Climate of the Past

JF - Climate of the Past

SN - 1814-9324

IS - 3

ER -