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A new statistical wideband spatio-temporal channel model for 5-GHz band WLAN systems

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article numberIssue 2
Pages (from-to)139 - 150
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Journal issue2
StatePublished - Feb 2003


In this paper, a new statistical wideband indoor channel model which incorporates both the clustering of multipath components (MPCs) and the correlation between the spatial and temporal domains is proposed. The model is derived based on measurement data collected at a carrier frequency of 5.2 GHz in three different indoor scenarios and is suitable for performance analysis of HIPERLAN/2 and IEEE 802.11a systems that employ smart antenna architectures. MPC parameters are estimated using the super-resolution frequency domain space-alternating generalized expectation maximization (FD-SAGE) algorithm and clusters are identified in the spatio-temporal domain by a nonparametric density estimation procedure. The description of the clustering observed within the channel relies on two classes of parameters, namely, intercluster and intracluster parameters which characterize the cluster and MPC, respectively. All parameters are described by a set of empirical probability density functions (pdfs) derived from the measured data. The correlation properties are incorporated in two joint pdfs for cluster and MPC positions, respectively. The clustering effect also gives rise to two classes of channel power density spectra (PDS)-intercluster and intracluster PDS-which are shown to exhibit exponential and Laplacian functions in the delay and angular domains, respectively. Finally, the model validity is confirmed by comparison with two existing models reported in the literature

Additional information

Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Rose publication type: Journal article Sponsorship: This work was supported in part by Virtual Centre of Excellence in Mobile and Personal Communications (Mobile VCE) Terms of use: Copyright © 2003 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the University of Bristol's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it

    Research areas

  • antenna array, clustering multipath channel, indoor radio communication, spatio-temporal correlation

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