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Characterisation of treated effluent from four commonly employed wastewater treatment facilities: A UK case study

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Characterisation of treated effluent from four commonly employed wastewater treatment facilities : A UK case study. / Yates, Christopher A.; Johnes, Penny J.; Spencer, Robert G.M.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 232, 15.02.2019, p. 919-927.

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@article{9dfa1c03264d4359ac1624d03212d6cc,
title = "Characterisation of treated effluent from four commonly employed wastewater treatment facilities: A UK case study",
abstract = "Sewage treatment systems are a common feature across the landscape of the United Kingdom, serving an estimated 96{\%} of the population and discharging approximately eleven billion litres of treated wastewater daily. While large treatment facilities are ubiquitous across the landscape, they are not the only method employed in domestic wastewater treatment. This study investigates whether differences in nutrient export (carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus) and organic matter composition (determined by optical indices, SUVA254, S350-400 and E2:E3) from treated effluent could be detected between four of the most common facilities employed in the treatment of wastewater across the UK. Set in the context of the River Wylye, a small headwater catchment, treatment facilities studied included; a septic tank system, small packet treatment works, and two large sewage treatment works, one of which employed phosphorus stripping for phosphorus removal. Inorganic N and P concentrations ranged between 7.51 and 42.4 mg N l−1 and 0.22 and 8.9 mg P l−1 respectively, with DOC concentrations ranging between 1.63 and 11.8 mg C l−1. Optical indices were comparable to those observed in catchments where organic matter is dominated by autochthonous production, suggesting the dominance of low molecular weight material when compared to values observed across temperate aquatic systems. Combining data from both the Environment Agency and Ordinance Survey we estimate that only 15{\%} of domestic properties not connected to mains sewerage in the study catchment have an Environment Agency consent/exemption permit. This calculation suggests that the quantity of small point sources are significantly underestimated, undermining efforts under current legislation to improve stream ecosystem health.",
keywords = "Dissolved organic matter, Nutrients, Point sources, Wastewater, Water quality",
author = "Yates, {Christopher A.} and Johnes, {Penny J.} and Spencer, {Robert G.M.}",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.006",
language = "English",
volume = "232",
pages = "919--927",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Management",
issn = "0301-4797",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterisation of treated effluent from four commonly employed wastewater treatment facilities

T2 - A UK case study

AU - Yates, Christopher A.

AU - Johnes, Penny J.

AU - Spencer, Robert G.M.

PY - 2019/2/15

Y1 - 2019/2/15

N2 - Sewage treatment systems are a common feature across the landscape of the United Kingdom, serving an estimated 96% of the population and discharging approximately eleven billion litres of treated wastewater daily. While large treatment facilities are ubiquitous across the landscape, they are not the only method employed in domestic wastewater treatment. This study investigates whether differences in nutrient export (carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus) and organic matter composition (determined by optical indices, SUVA254, S350-400 and E2:E3) from treated effluent could be detected between four of the most common facilities employed in the treatment of wastewater across the UK. Set in the context of the River Wylye, a small headwater catchment, treatment facilities studied included; a septic tank system, small packet treatment works, and two large sewage treatment works, one of which employed phosphorus stripping for phosphorus removal. Inorganic N and P concentrations ranged between 7.51 and 42.4 mg N l−1 and 0.22 and 8.9 mg P l−1 respectively, with DOC concentrations ranging between 1.63 and 11.8 mg C l−1. Optical indices were comparable to those observed in catchments where organic matter is dominated by autochthonous production, suggesting the dominance of low molecular weight material when compared to values observed across temperate aquatic systems. Combining data from both the Environment Agency and Ordinance Survey we estimate that only 15% of domestic properties not connected to mains sewerage in the study catchment have an Environment Agency consent/exemption permit. This calculation suggests that the quantity of small point sources are significantly underestimated, undermining efforts under current legislation to improve stream ecosystem health.

AB - Sewage treatment systems are a common feature across the landscape of the United Kingdom, serving an estimated 96% of the population and discharging approximately eleven billion litres of treated wastewater daily. While large treatment facilities are ubiquitous across the landscape, they are not the only method employed in domestic wastewater treatment. This study investigates whether differences in nutrient export (carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus) and organic matter composition (determined by optical indices, SUVA254, S350-400 and E2:E3) from treated effluent could be detected between four of the most common facilities employed in the treatment of wastewater across the UK. Set in the context of the River Wylye, a small headwater catchment, treatment facilities studied included; a septic tank system, small packet treatment works, and two large sewage treatment works, one of which employed phosphorus stripping for phosphorus removal. Inorganic N and P concentrations ranged between 7.51 and 42.4 mg N l−1 and 0.22 and 8.9 mg P l−1 respectively, with DOC concentrations ranging between 1.63 and 11.8 mg C l−1. Optical indices were comparable to those observed in catchments where organic matter is dominated by autochthonous production, suggesting the dominance of low molecular weight material when compared to values observed across temperate aquatic systems. Combining data from both the Environment Agency and Ordinance Survey we estimate that only 15% of domestic properties not connected to mains sewerage in the study catchment have an Environment Agency consent/exemption permit. This calculation suggests that the quantity of small point sources are significantly underestimated, undermining efforts under current legislation to improve stream ecosystem health.

KW - Dissolved organic matter

KW - Nutrients

KW - Point sources

KW - Wastewater

KW - Water quality

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059321592&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.006

M3 - Article

VL - 232

SP - 919

EP - 927

JO - Journal of Environmental Management

JF - Journal of Environmental Management

SN - 0301-4797

ER -