Skip to content

Considering self or others across two cultural contexts: How children's resource allocation is affected by self-construal manipulations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-157
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume184
Early online date3 May 2019
DOIs
DateSubmitted - 4 Sep 2018
DateAccepted/In press - 1 Feb 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print - 3 May 2019
DatePublished (current) - 1 Aug 2019

Abstract

Most humans share to some degree. Yet, from middle childhood, sharing behavior varies substantially across societies. Here, for the first time, we explored the effect of self-construal manipulation on sharing decisions in 7- and 8-year-old children from two distinct societies: urban India and urban United Kingdom. Children participated in one of three conditions that focused attention on independence, interdependence, or a control. Sharing was then assessed across three resource allocation games. A focus on independence resulted in reduced generosity in both societies. However, an intriguing societal difference emerged following a focus on interdependence, where only Indian children from traditional extended families displayed greater generosity in one of the resource allocation games. Thus, a focus on independence can move children from diverse societies toward selfishness with relative ease, but a focus on interdependence is very limited in its effectiveness to promote generosity.

    Research areas

  • Generosity, Priming, Self-construal, Self-focus, Sharing development, Societal differences

    Structured keywords

  • Cognitive Science
  • Developmental

Download statistics

No data available

Documents

Documents

  • Full-text PDF (final published version)

    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Elsevier at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2019.04.002 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Final published version, 965 KB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY

DOI

View research connections

Related faculties, schools or groups