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Cu-Mo partitioning between felsic melts and saline-aqueous fluids as a function of XNaCleq, fO2, and fS2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1987-2006
Number of pages20
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume102
Issue number10
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 23 May 2017
DatePublished (current) - 1 Oct 2017

Abstract

The formation of porphyry Cu-Mo deposits hinges critically on the ability of an exsolving magmatic volatile phases (MVP) to ef ciently extract the available Cu and Mo from the silicate melt and transport them to the site of mineralization. There has been substantial debate about the relative importance of the critical parameters likely to control metal partitioning among silicate melts and supercritical fuids, vapors, and brines. To explore the relative contributions of key MVP parameters (XNaCleq, fO2, fS2), we present felsic magmatic Cu-Mo partitioning experiments at both reduced (fO2 = NNO+0.6) and oxidized conditions (fO2 = NNO+2), at high fS2, and over the full range of salinities (XNaCleq) relevant to porphyry deposit formation. The experiments demonstrate that uid-melt Cu partition coefficients (Df/m) have a dominantly second-order exponential relationship with X at relevant salinities, Cu NaCleq consistent with a (Na,K)CuCl2 ion-pair complexation mechanism. We nd a strong linear dependence of Cu partitioning on Cl partitioning between coexisting brine and vapor, in good agreement with limited data from unmodi ed natural uid inclusions. Whereas H2S can increase Cu partitioning via (Na,K)CuCl(HS) formation, SO2 has no measureable effect on Cu partitioning. These data allow for quantifying the strong partitioning of Cu out of silicate melts at MVP salinities above ~5 wt%, which will become further enriched into tardo-magmatic brines on phase separation. Our data also highlight that low-salinity (<2–3 wt% NaCleq) oxidized MVPs are not capable of substantially extracting Cu from evolved silicate melts or transporting it to the site of mineralization. We also show that DMf/mo is a linear function of XNaCleq, consistent with mono-chloride (e.g., {Na,K}MoO3Cl), Na-K molybdate (e.g., {Na,K}HMoO4), or thio-molybdate ({Na,K}HMoO2S2) complexation mechanisms at modest salinities (>3 wt%) rather than the Mo-oxy-hydroxy [MoO2(OH)2] complexation observed at lower salinities. The fO2 of the magmatic system has a subordinate effect on DMf/mo , with enhanced partitioning at higher fO2. We use the combined data set to produce expressions for Df/m and Df/m as functions of X , X , and fO2

    Research areas

  • Copper, Brine, Vapor, Melt

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