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Deducing the R-curve for trans-laminar fracture from a virtual Over-height Compact Tension (OCT) test

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-170
Number of pages9
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Early online date31 Dec 2018
DateAccepted/In press - 29 Dec 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 31 Dec 2018
DatePublished (current) - Mar 2019


The R-curve for Mode I trans-laminar fracture energy in quasi-isotropic IM7/8552 carbon/epoxy laminates is here deduced numerically from a virtual Over-height Compact Tension (OCT) test. A High-fidelity Finite Element Method (Hi-FEM) using the explicit Finite Element (FE) software LS-Dyna was adopted. Cohesive interface elements and a Weibull fibre failure criterion were used to predict failure. The input parameters for the Hi-FEM were measured from independent characterisation tests. OCT specimens were tested to verify the Hi-FEM results with good agreement. The R-curve effect is postulated to be caused by the growth of the height of the Fracture Process Zone (FPZ) with crack length. Hi-FEM can be used to better understand Mode I trans-laminar fracture toughness tests and generate fracture properties such as damage heights and R-curves for future structural scale models.

    Research areas

  • Laminates, Fracture, Fracture Toughness, Finite Element Analysis (FEA), R-curve

    Structured keywords

  • Bristol Composites Institute ACCIS



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    Licence: CC BY-NC-ND


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