Skip to content

Determining water storage depletion within Iran by assimilating GRACE data into the W3RA hydrological model

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • M. Khaki
  • E. Forootan
  • M. Kuhn
  • J. Awange
  • A. I.J.M. van Dijk
  • M. Schumacher
  • M. A. Sharifi
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalAdvances in Water Resources
Volume114
Early online date8 Feb 2018
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 7 Feb 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 8 Feb 2018
DatePublished (current) - 1 Apr 2018

Abstract

Groundwater depletion, due to both unsustainable water use and a decrease in precipitation, has been reported in many parts of Iran. In order to analyze these changes during the recent decade, in this study, we assimilate Terrestrial Water Storage (TWS) data from the Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment (GRACE) into the World-Wide Water Resources Assessment (W3RA) model. This assimilation improves model derived water storage simulations by introducing missing trends and correcting the amplitude and phase of seasonal water storage variations. The Ensemble Square-Root Filter (EnSRF) technique is applied, which showed stable performance in propagating errors during the assimilation period (2002–2012). Our focus is on sub-surface water storage changes including groundwater and soil moisture variations within six major drainage divisions covering the whole Iran including its eastern part (East), Caspian Sea, Centre, Sarakhs, Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, and Lake Urmia. Results indicate an average of -8.9 mm/year groundwater reduction within Iran during the period 2002 to 2012. A similar decrease is also observed in soil moisture storage especially after 2005. We further apply the canonical correlation analysis (CCA) technique to relate sub-surface water storage changes to climate (e.g., precipitation) and anthropogenic (e.g., farming) impacts. Results indicate an average correlation of 0.81 between rainfall and groundwater variations and also a large impact of anthropogenic activities (mainly for irrigations) on Iran's water storage depletions.

    Research areas

  • Canonical correlation analysis, Data assimilation, GRACE, Groundwater storage, Iran, W3RA Hydrological model, Water storage depletion

Download statistics

No data available

Documents

Documents

  • Full-text PDF (accepted author manuscript)

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Elsevier at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0309170817306322?via%3Dihub#! . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 2 MB, PDF document

    Licence: Unspecified

DOI

View research connections

Related faculties, schools or groups