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Development of reporting guidance and core outcome sets for seamless, standardised evaluation of innovative surgical procedures and devices: a study protocol for content generation and a Delphi consensus process (COHESIVE study)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
JournalBMJ Open
DateAccepted/In press - 9 Jul 2019


Introduction: Rigorous evaluation of innovative invasive procedures and medical devices is uncommon and lacks reporting standardisation. Devices may therefore enter routine practice without thorough evaluation, resulting in patient harm. Detailed guidance on how to select and report outcomes at each stage of evaluation is lacking. Development of reporting guidance and core outcome sets (COS) is one strategy to promote safe and transparent evaluation.
Methods and analysis: A COS, comprising outcome domains applicable to all phases of evaluation of procedure/device introduction and modification and, if necessary, supplementary domains relevant to specific phases or types of innovation (procedure or device), will be developed according to principles outlined by COMET (Core Outcomes Measures in Effectiveness Trials) and COS-STAD (Core Outcome Set - Standards for Development) guidelines. Reporting guidance will be developed concurrently. The study will have three phases:
1. Generation of a list of relevant outcome domains and reporting items identified from: (i) published studies, (ii) hospital policy documentation, (iii) regulatory body documentation, (iv) stakeholder qualitative interviews. Identified items/domains will be categorised using a conceptual framework and formatted into Delphi consensus survey questionnaire items.
2. Key stakeholders, including 50 patients and 150 professionals (surgeons, researchers, device manufacturers, regulatory representatives, journal editors) sampled from multi-national sources, will complete a Delphi survey to score the importance of each reporting item and outcome.
3. A consensus meeting with key stakeholders will discuss and agree the final content of the reporting guidance and COS(s).
Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approval has been granted by North East - Newcastle and North Tyneside 1 Health Research Authority Research Ethics Committee (18/NE/0378). Dissemination strategies include: scientific meeting presentations; peer-reviewed journal publications; development of plain English summaries/materials; patient engagement events; development of a social media identity; workshops and other events.

    Research areas

  • Device Approval, Delphi Technique, Guidelines as Topic, Outcome Assessment, Surgical Procedures, Operative



  • COHESIVE_protocol paper PURE

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