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EcoGEnIE 1.0: plankton ecology in the cGEnIE Earth system model

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EcoGEnIE 1.0: plankton ecology in the cGEnIE Earth system model. / Ward, Ben; Wilson, J.D.; Death, Ros; Monteiro, Fanny; Yool, Andrew; Ridgwell, Andy.

In: Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 11, No. 10, 10.2018, p. 4241-4267.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Ward, B, Wilson, JD, Death, R, Monteiro, F, Yool, A & Ridgwell, A 2018, 'EcoGEnIE 1.0: plankton ecology in the cGEnIE Earth system model', Geoscientific Model Development, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 4241-4267. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-4241-2018

APA

Ward, B., Wilson, J. D., Death, R., Monteiro, F., Yool, A., & Ridgwell, A. (2018). EcoGEnIE 1.0: plankton ecology in the cGEnIE Earth system model. Geoscientific Model Development, 11(10), 4241-4267. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-4241-2018

Vancouver

Ward B, Wilson JD, Death R, Monteiro F, Yool A, Ridgwell A. EcoGEnIE 1.0: plankton ecology in the cGEnIE Earth system model. Geoscientific Model Development. 2018 Oct;11(10):4241-4267. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-4241-2018

Author

Ward, Ben ; Wilson, J.D. ; Death, Ros ; Monteiro, Fanny ; Yool, Andrew ; Ridgwell, Andy. / EcoGEnIE 1.0: plankton ecology in the cGEnIE Earth system model. In: Geoscientific Model Development. 2018 ; Vol. 11, No. 10. pp. 4241-4267.

Bibtex

@article{53632608da934a21bbe3eabde35b0d5e,
title = "EcoGEnIE 1.0: plankton ecology in the cGEnIE Earth system model",
abstract = "We present an extension to the carbon-centric Grid Enabled Integrated Earth system model (cGEnIE) that explicitly accounts for the growth and interaction of an arbitrary number of plankton species. The new package (ECOGEM) replaces the implicit, flux-based parameterisation of the plankton community currently employed, with explicitly resolved plankton populations and ecological dynamics. In ECOGEM, any number of plankton species, with ecophysiological traits (e.g. growth and grazing rates) assigned according to organism size and functional group (e.g. phytoplankton and zooplankton) can be incorporated at runtime. We illustrate the capability of the marine ecology enabled Earth system model (EcoGEnIE) by comparing results from one configuration of ECOGEM (with eight generic phytoplankton and zooplankton size classes) to climatological and seasonal observations. We find that the new ecological components of the model show reasonable agreement with both global-scale climatological and local-scale seasonal data. We also compare EcoGEnIE results to the existing biogeochemical incarnation of cGEnIE. We find that the resulting globalscale distributions of phosphate, iron, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, and oxygen are similar for both iterations of the model. A slight deterioration in some fields in EcoGEnIE (relative to the data) is observed, although we make no attempt to re-tune the overall marine cycling of carbon and nutrients here. The increased capabilities of EcoGEnIE in this regard will enable future exploration of the ecological community on much longer timescales than have previously been examined in global ocean ecosystem models and particularly for past climates and global biogeochemical cycles.",
author = "Ben Ward and J.D. Wilson and Ros Death and Fanny Monteiro and Andrew Yool and Andy Ridgwell",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
doi = "10.5194/gmd-11-4241-2018",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "4241--4267",
journal = "Geoscientific Model Development",
issn = "1991-959X",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
number = "10",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - EcoGEnIE 1.0: plankton ecology in the cGEnIE Earth system model

AU - Ward, Ben

AU - Wilson, J.D.

AU - Death, Ros

AU - Monteiro, Fanny

AU - Yool, Andrew

AU - Ridgwell, Andy

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - We present an extension to the carbon-centric Grid Enabled Integrated Earth system model (cGEnIE) that explicitly accounts for the growth and interaction of an arbitrary number of plankton species. The new package (ECOGEM) replaces the implicit, flux-based parameterisation of the plankton community currently employed, with explicitly resolved plankton populations and ecological dynamics. In ECOGEM, any number of plankton species, with ecophysiological traits (e.g. growth and grazing rates) assigned according to organism size and functional group (e.g. phytoplankton and zooplankton) can be incorporated at runtime. We illustrate the capability of the marine ecology enabled Earth system model (EcoGEnIE) by comparing results from one configuration of ECOGEM (with eight generic phytoplankton and zooplankton size classes) to climatological and seasonal observations. We find that the new ecological components of the model show reasonable agreement with both global-scale climatological and local-scale seasonal data. We also compare EcoGEnIE results to the existing biogeochemical incarnation of cGEnIE. We find that the resulting globalscale distributions of phosphate, iron, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, and oxygen are similar for both iterations of the model. A slight deterioration in some fields in EcoGEnIE (relative to the data) is observed, although we make no attempt to re-tune the overall marine cycling of carbon and nutrients here. The increased capabilities of EcoGEnIE in this regard will enable future exploration of the ecological community on much longer timescales than have previously been examined in global ocean ecosystem models and particularly for past climates and global biogeochemical cycles.

AB - We present an extension to the carbon-centric Grid Enabled Integrated Earth system model (cGEnIE) that explicitly accounts for the growth and interaction of an arbitrary number of plankton species. The new package (ECOGEM) replaces the implicit, flux-based parameterisation of the plankton community currently employed, with explicitly resolved plankton populations and ecological dynamics. In ECOGEM, any number of plankton species, with ecophysiological traits (e.g. growth and grazing rates) assigned according to organism size and functional group (e.g. phytoplankton and zooplankton) can be incorporated at runtime. We illustrate the capability of the marine ecology enabled Earth system model (EcoGEnIE) by comparing results from one configuration of ECOGEM (with eight generic phytoplankton and zooplankton size classes) to climatological and seasonal observations. We find that the new ecological components of the model show reasonable agreement with both global-scale climatological and local-scale seasonal data. We also compare EcoGEnIE results to the existing biogeochemical incarnation of cGEnIE. We find that the resulting globalscale distributions of phosphate, iron, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, and oxygen are similar for both iterations of the model. A slight deterioration in some fields in EcoGEnIE (relative to the data) is observed, although we make no attempt to re-tune the overall marine cycling of carbon and nutrients here. The increased capabilities of EcoGEnIE in this regard will enable future exploration of the ecological community on much longer timescales than have previously been examined in global ocean ecosystem models and particularly for past climates and global biogeochemical cycles.

U2 - 10.5194/gmd-11-4241-2018

DO - 10.5194/gmd-11-4241-2018

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 4241

EP - 4267

JO - Geoscientific Model Development

JF - Geoscientific Model Development

SN - 1991-959X

IS - 10

ER -