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Enhancing mechanical properties of wire + arc additively manufactured INCONEL 718 superalloy through in-process thermomechanical processing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Xiangfang Xu
  • Supriyo Ganguly
  • Jialuo Ding
  • Cui Er Seow
  • Stewart Williams
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1042-1051
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials and Design
Early online date27 Oct 2018
DateAccepted/In press - 26 Oct 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 27 Oct 2018
DatePublished (current) - 15 Dec 2018


Wire + arc additive manufacture (WAAM) was applied to produce INCONEL 718 superalloy (IN718) components in a layer by layer manner; further, interpass cold rolling was introduced to generate in-process thermomechanical processing effect during the deposition process. Mechanical testing showed that with rolling applied, the strength of the solution plus aging treated WAAM IN718 was improved from 1056 MPa (unrolled) to 1351 MPa (rolled) which met the wrought standard (1276 MPa), and the material anisotropy was eliminated. The unrolled IN718 featured large columnar grains developing along the building direction, with the length and width as large as 11 mm and 0.8 mm respectively; rolling induced plastic deformation triggered a non-uniform recrystallization upon successive depositions, which produced a recrystallized core with small columnar grains and numerous finely equiaxed grains with the grain size of 12.7 μm. The overall strengthening produced by interpass rolling was attributed mostly (76%) to the rolling induced recrystallization which produced grain size reduction strengthening and created larger grain boundary area to allow more precipitation at the grain boundaries, and partially (24%) due to the improved aging response of the recrystallized grain structure.

    Research areas

  • INCONEL 718, Mechanical properties, Recrystallization, Thermomechanical processing, Wire + arc additive manufacture

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