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Evaluation of Soil-Structure Interaction Effects from System Identification of Structures Subject to Forced Vibration Tests

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Lisa M. Star
  • Salih Tileylioglu
  • Michael J. Givens
  • George Mylonakis
  • Jonathan P. Stewart
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-760
Number of pages14
JournalSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Early online date23 Nov 2018
DateAccepted/In press - 30 Sep 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 23 Nov 2018
DatePublished (current) - Jan 2019


We describe procedures to evaluate the dynamic properties of test structures subject to forced vibration testing. We seek modal vibration periods and damping ratios corresponding to the actual flexible-based response of the structure (incorporating the effects of compliance in the soil medium supporting the foundation) and similar attributes for a fixed-base condition in which only the flexibility of the structure is represented. Our approach consists of using suitable input and output time series with conventional parametric system identification procedures, and as such extends previously developed procedures for use with earthquake recordings. We verify the proposed approach and demonstrate its application using data from two test structures supported on shallow foundations that have been used in forced vibration tests and that have recorded earthquakes. The structures were tested with and without braces to modify their stiffness and were deployed at two sites with different soil conditions. We analyze the results to evaluate experimental period lengthening ratios and foundation damping. The results show (1) strong increases in period lengthening and foundation damping with the wave parameter (dimensionless ratio of structure-to-soil stiffness), (2) compatibility between modal properties from forced vibration testing and earthquake excitation, (3) soil nonlinearity increases period lengthening and modifies foundation damping in a manner that can be reasonably captured in predictive models using equivalent-linear soil properties compatible with a proposed shear strain index.



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