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From risk to care: the hepatitis C screening and diagnostic cascade in a primary health care clinic in Karachi, Pakistan—a cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Health
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 30 Nov 2018
DatePublished (current) - 28 Dec 2018

Abstract

Background: In the high-prevalence setting of Pakistan, screening, diagnosis and treatment services for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients are commonly offered in specialized facilities. We aimed to describe the cascade of care in a Médecins Sans Frontières primary health care clinic offering CHC care in an informal settlement in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: This was a retrospective cohort analysis using routinely collected data. Three different screening algorithms were assessed among patients with one or more CHC risk factors.
Results: Among the 87 348 patients attending the outpatient clinic, 5003 (6%) presented with one or more risk factors. Rapid diagnostic test (RDT) positivity was 38% overall. Approximately 60% of the CHC patients across all risk categories were in the early stage of the disease, with an aspartate aminotransferase: platelet
ratio index score <1. The sequential delays in the cascade differed between the three groups, with the interval between screening and treatment initiation being the shortest in the cohort tested with GeneXpert onsite.
Conclusions: Delays between screening and treatment can be reduced by putting in place more patientcentric testing algorithms. New strategies, to better identify and treat the hidden at-risk populations, should be developed and implemented.

    Research areas

  • hepatitis C, time delays, testing and treatment algorithm, SORT IT, risk factors, operational research

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    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Oxford University Press at https://doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihy096 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

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    Licence: CC BY-NC

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