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Functional nanomaterials to augment photosynthesis: evidence and considerations for their responsible use in agricultural applications

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@article{da1601b445594007bdff54e41d164406,
title = "Functional nanomaterials to augment photosynthesis: evidence and considerations for their responsible use in agricultural applications",
abstract = "At the current population growth rate, we will soon be unable to meet increasingfood demands. As a consequence of this potential problem, considerableefforts have been made to enhance crop productivity by breeding, geneticsand improving agricultural practices. While these techniques have traditionallybeen successful, their efficacy since the ‘green revolution’ have begun tosignificantly plateau. This stagnation of gains combined with the negativeeffects of climate change on crop yields has prompted researchers to developnovel and radical methods to increase crop productivity. Recent work hasbegun exploring the use of nanomaterials as synthetic probes to augmenthow plants use light. Photosynthesis in crops is often limited by their abilityto absorb and exploit solar energy for photochemistry. The capacity to interactwith and optimize how plants use light has the potential to increase theproductivity of crops and enable the tailoring of crops for different environmentsand to compensate for predicted climate changes. Advances in thesynthesis and surface modification of nanomaterials have overcome previousdrawbacks and renewed their potential use as synthetic probes to enhancecrop yields. Here, we review the current applications of functional nanomaterialsin plants and will make an argument for the continued development ofpromising new nanomaterials and future applications in agriculture. Thiswill highlight that functional nanomaterials have the clear potential to providea much-needed route to enhanced future food security. In addition, we willdiscuss the often-ignored current evidence of nanoparticles present in theenvironment as well as inform and encourage caution on the regulation ofthe nanomaterials in agriculture.",
keywords = "NANOMATERIALS, PHOTOSYNTHESIS, Food security, Nanobionics",
author = "Tom Swift and Oliver, {T. A. A.} and Carmen Galan and Heather Whitney",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1098/rsfs.2018.0048",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Interface Focus",
issn = "2042-8898",
publisher = "The Royal Society",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Functional nanomaterials to augment photosynthesis

T2 - evidence and considerations for their responsible use in agricultural applications

AU - Swift, Tom

AU - Oliver, T. A. A.

AU - Galan, Carmen

AU - Whitney, Heather

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - At the current population growth rate, we will soon be unable to meet increasingfood demands. As a consequence of this potential problem, considerableefforts have been made to enhance crop productivity by breeding, geneticsand improving agricultural practices. While these techniques have traditionallybeen successful, their efficacy since the ‘green revolution’ have begun tosignificantly plateau. This stagnation of gains combined with the negativeeffects of climate change on crop yields has prompted researchers to developnovel and radical methods to increase crop productivity. Recent work hasbegun exploring the use of nanomaterials as synthetic probes to augmenthow plants use light. Photosynthesis in crops is often limited by their abilityto absorb and exploit solar energy for photochemistry. The capacity to interactwith and optimize how plants use light has the potential to increase theproductivity of crops and enable the tailoring of crops for different environmentsand to compensate for predicted climate changes. Advances in thesynthesis and surface modification of nanomaterials have overcome previousdrawbacks and renewed their potential use as synthetic probes to enhancecrop yields. Here, we review the current applications of functional nanomaterialsin plants and will make an argument for the continued development ofpromising new nanomaterials and future applications in agriculture. Thiswill highlight that functional nanomaterials have the clear potential to providea much-needed route to enhanced future food security. In addition, we willdiscuss the often-ignored current evidence of nanoparticles present in theenvironment as well as inform and encourage caution on the regulation ofthe nanomaterials in agriculture.

AB - At the current population growth rate, we will soon be unable to meet increasingfood demands. As a consequence of this potential problem, considerableefforts have been made to enhance crop productivity by breeding, geneticsand improving agricultural practices. While these techniques have traditionallybeen successful, their efficacy since the ‘green revolution’ have begun tosignificantly plateau. This stagnation of gains combined with the negativeeffects of climate change on crop yields has prompted researchers to developnovel and radical methods to increase crop productivity. Recent work hasbegun exploring the use of nanomaterials as synthetic probes to augmenthow plants use light. Photosynthesis in crops is often limited by their abilityto absorb and exploit solar energy for photochemistry. The capacity to interactwith and optimize how plants use light has the potential to increase theproductivity of crops and enable the tailoring of crops for different environmentsand to compensate for predicted climate changes. Advances in thesynthesis and surface modification of nanomaterials have overcome previousdrawbacks and renewed their potential use as synthetic probes to enhancecrop yields. Here, we review the current applications of functional nanomaterialsin plants and will make an argument for the continued development ofpromising new nanomaterials and future applications in agriculture. Thiswill highlight that functional nanomaterials have the clear potential to providea much-needed route to enhanced future food security. In addition, we willdiscuss the often-ignored current evidence of nanoparticles present in theenvironment as well as inform and encourage caution on the regulation ofthe nanomaterials in agriculture.

KW - NANOMATERIALS

KW - PHOTOSYNTHESIS

KW - Food security

KW - Nanobionics

U2 - 10.1098/rsfs.2018.0048

DO - 10.1098/rsfs.2018.0048

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Interface Focus

JF - Interface Focus

SN - 2042-8898

M1 - 20180048

ER -