Skip to content

Guidance on how to develop complex interventions to improve health and health care

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
JournalBMJ Open
DateAccepted/In press - 15 Jul 2019


Objective: To provide researchers with guidance on actions to take during intervention development.
Summary of key points: Based on a consensus exercise informed by reviews and qualitative interviews, we present key principles and actions for consideration when developing interventions to improve health. These include seeing intervention development as a dynamic iterative process, involving stakeholders, reviewing published research evidence, drawing on existing theories, articulating programme theory, undertaking primary data collection, understanding context, paying attention to future implementation in the real world, and designing and refining an intervention using iterative cycles of development with stakeholder input throughout.
Conclusion: Researchers should consider each action by addressing its relevance to a specific intervention in a specific context, both at the start and throughout the development process.



  • Developing complex interventions

    Accepted author manuscript, 217 KB, PDF document

    Request copy

View research connections

Related faculties, schools or groups