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How camouflage works

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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How camouflage works. / Merilaita, Sami; Scott-Samuel, Nick; Cuthill, Innes.

In: Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 372, 20160341, 05.07.2017, p. 20160341.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Merilaita, S, Scott-Samuel, N & Cuthill, I 2017, 'How camouflage works' Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, vol. 372, 20160341, pp. 20160341. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0341

APA

Merilaita, S., Scott-Samuel, N., & Cuthill, I. (2017). How camouflage works. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, 372, 20160341. [20160341]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0341

Vancouver

Merilaita S, Scott-Samuel N, Cuthill I. How camouflage works. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences. 2017 Jul 5;372:20160341. 20160341. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0341

Author

Merilaita, Sami ; Scott-Samuel, Nick ; Cuthill, Innes. / How camouflage works. In: Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences. 2017 ; Vol. 372. pp. 20160341.

Bibtex

@article{4f4ea74bee084b99b785cc9713677ab6,
title = "How camouflage works",
abstract = "For camouflage to succeed, an individual has to pass undetected, unrecognized or untargeted, and hence it is the processing of visual information that needs to be deceived. Camouflage is therefore an adaptation to the perception and cognitive mechanisms of another animal. Although this has been acknowledged for a long time, there has been no unitary account of the link between visual perception and camouflage. Viewing camouflage as a suite of adaptations to reduce the signal-to-noise ratio provides the necessary common framework. We review the main processes in visual perception and how animal camouflage exploits these. We connect the function of established camouflage mechanisms to the analysis of primitive features, edges, surfaces, characteristic features and objects (a standard hierarchy of processing in vision science). Compared to the commonly used research approach based on established camouflage mechanisms, we argue that our approach based on perceptual processes targeted by camouflage has several important benefits: specifically, it enables the formulation of more precise hypotheses and addresses questions that cannot even be identified when investigating camouflage only through the classic approach based on the patterns themselves. It also promotes a shift from the appearance to the mechanistic function of animal coloration.This article is part of the themed issue ‘Animal coloration: production, perception, function and application’.",
keywords = "Defensive coloration, Signal to noise ratio, Crypsis, visual search, animal coloration",
author = "Sami Merilaita and Nick Scott-Samuel and Innes Cuthill",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1098/rstb.2016.0341",
language = "English",
volume = "372",
pages = "20160341",
journal = "Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8436",
publisher = "The Royal Society",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - How camouflage works

AU - Merilaita, Sami

AU - Scott-Samuel, Nick

AU - Cuthill, Innes

PY - 2017/7/5

Y1 - 2017/7/5

N2 - For camouflage to succeed, an individual has to pass undetected, unrecognized or untargeted, and hence it is the processing of visual information that needs to be deceived. Camouflage is therefore an adaptation to the perception and cognitive mechanisms of another animal. Although this has been acknowledged for a long time, there has been no unitary account of the link between visual perception and camouflage. Viewing camouflage as a suite of adaptations to reduce the signal-to-noise ratio provides the necessary common framework. We review the main processes in visual perception and how animal camouflage exploits these. We connect the function of established camouflage mechanisms to the analysis of primitive features, edges, surfaces, characteristic features and objects (a standard hierarchy of processing in vision science). Compared to the commonly used research approach based on established camouflage mechanisms, we argue that our approach based on perceptual processes targeted by camouflage has several important benefits: specifically, it enables the formulation of more precise hypotheses and addresses questions that cannot even be identified when investigating camouflage only through the classic approach based on the patterns themselves. It also promotes a shift from the appearance to the mechanistic function of animal coloration.This article is part of the themed issue ‘Animal coloration: production, perception, function and application’.

AB - For camouflage to succeed, an individual has to pass undetected, unrecognized or untargeted, and hence it is the processing of visual information that needs to be deceived. Camouflage is therefore an adaptation to the perception and cognitive mechanisms of another animal. Although this has been acknowledged for a long time, there has been no unitary account of the link between visual perception and camouflage. Viewing camouflage as a suite of adaptations to reduce the signal-to-noise ratio provides the necessary common framework. We review the main processes in visual perception and how animal camouflage exploits these. We connect the function of established camouflage mechanisms to the analysis of primitive features, edges, surfaces, characteristic features and objects (a standard hierarchy of processing in vision science). Compared to the commonly used research approach based on established camouflage mechanisms, we argue that our approach based on perceptual processes targeted by camouflage has several important benefits: specifically, it enables the formulation of more precise hypotheses and addresses questions that cannot even be identified when investigating camouflage only through the classic approach based on the patterns themselves. It also promotes a shift from the appearance to the mechanistic function of animal coloration.This article is part of the themed issue ‘Animal coloration: production, perception, function and application’.

KW - Defensive coloration

KW - Signal to noise ratio

KW - Crypsis

KW - visual search

KW - animal coloration

U2 - 10.1098/rstb.2016.0341

DO - 10.1098/rstb.2016.0341

M3 - Article

VL - 372

SP - 20160341

JO - Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences

T2 - Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences

JF - Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8436

M1 - 20160341

ER -