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Incarceration history and risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus acquisition among people who inject drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Incarceration history and risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus acquisition among people who inject drugs : a systematic review and meta-analysis. / Stone, Jack; Fraser, Hannah; Lim, Aaron; Walker, Josephine; Ward, Zoe; MacGregor, Louis; Trickey, Adam; Abbott, Samuel; Strathdee, Steffanie A; Abramovitz, Daniela; Maher, Lisa; Iversen, Jenny; Bruneau, Julie; Zang, Geng; Garfein, Richard; Yen, Yung-Fen; Azim, Tasnim; Mehta, Shruti; Milloy, MJ; Hellard, Margaret E.; Sacks-Davis, Rachel; Dietze, Paul; Aitken, Campbell K.; Aladashvili, Malvina; Tsertsvadze, Tengiz; Mravčík, Viktor; Alary, Michel; Roy, Elise; Smyrnov, Pavlo; Sazonova, Yana; Young, April; Havens, Jennifer; Hope, Vivian; Desai, Monica; Heinsbroek, Ellen; Hutchinson, Sharon J.; Palmateer, Norah; McAuley, Andrew; Platt, Lucy; Martin, Natasha; Altice, Frederick L; Hickman, Matthew; Vickerman, Peter.

In: Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol. 18, No. 12, 12.2018, p. 1397-1409.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Stone, J, Fraser, H, Lim, A, Walker, J, Ward, Z, MacGregor, L, Trickey, A, Abbott, S, Strathdee, SA, Abramovitz, D, Maher, L, Iversen, J, Bruneau, J, Zang, G, Garfein, R, Yen, Y-F, Azim, T, Mehta, S, Milloy, MJ, Hellard, ME, Sacks-Davis, R, Dietze, P, Aitken, CK, Aladashvili, M, Tsertsvadze, T, Mravčík, V, Alary, M, Roy, E, Smyrnov, P, Sazonova, Y, Young, A, Havens, J, Hope, V, Desai, M, Heinsbroek, E, Hutchinson, SJ, Palmateer, N, McAuley, A, Platt, L, Martin, N, Altice, FL, Hickman, M & Vickerman, P 2018, 'Incarceration history and risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus acquisition among people who inject drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis', Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1397-1409. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30469-9

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Stone, Jack ; Fraser, Hannah ; Lim, Aaron ; Walker, Josephine ; Ward, Zoe ; MacGregor, Louis ; Trickey, Adam ; Abbott, Samuel ; Strathdee, Steffanie A ; Abramovitz, Daniela ; Maher, Lisa ; Iversen, Jenny ; Bruneau, Julie ; Zang, Geng ; Garfein, Richard ; Yen, Yung-Fen ; Azim, Tasnim ; Mehta, Shruti ; Milloy, MJ ; Hellard, Margaret E. ; Sacks-Davis, Rachel ; Dietze, Paul ; Aitken, Campbell K. ; Aladashvili, Malvina ; Tsertsvadze, Tengiz ; Mravčík, Viktor ; Alary, Michel ; Roy, Elise ; Smyrnov, Pavlo ; Sazonova, Yana ; Young, April ; Havens, Jennifer ; Hope, Vivian ; Desai, Monica ; Heinsbroek, Ellen ; Hutchinson, Sharon J. ; Palmateer, Norah ; McAuley, Andrew ; Platt, Lucy ; Martin, Natasha ; Altice, Frederick L ; Hickman, Matthew ; Vickerman, Peter. / Incarceration history and risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus acquisition among people who inject drugs : a systematic review and meta-analysis. In: Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 12. pp. 1397-1409.

Bibtex

@article{86a4f111d5f84b12b2108e72599afc9d,
title = "Incarceration history and risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus acquisition among people who inject drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis",
abstract = "Background: People who inject drugs (PWID) experience a high prevalence of incarceration and might be at high risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection during or after incarceration. We aimed to assess whether incarceration history elevates HIV or HCV acquisition risk among PWID.Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO databases for studies in any language published from Jan 1, 2000 until June 13, 2017 assessing HIV or HCV incidence among PWID. We included studies that measured HIV or HCV incidence among community-recruited PWID. We included only studies reporting original results and excluded studies that evaluated incident infections by self-report. We contacted authors of cohort studies that met the inclusion or exclusion criteria, but that did not report on the outcomes of interest, to request data. We extracted and pooled data from the included studies using random-effects meta-analyses to quantify the associations between recent (past 3, 6, or 12 months or since last follow-up) or past incarceration and HIV or HCV acquisition (primary infection or reinfection) risk among PWID. We assessed the risk of bias of included studies using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Between-study heterogeneity was evaluated using the I² statistic and the P-value for heterogeneity.Findings: We included published results from 20 studies and unpublished results from 21 studies. These studies originated from Australasia, western and eastern Europe, North and Latin America, and east and southeast Asia. Recent incarceration was associated with an 81{\%} (relative risk [RR] 1.81, 95{\%} CI 1.40-2.34) increase in HIV acquisition risk, with moderate heterogeneity between studies (I²=63.5{\%}; p=0.001), and a 62{\%} (RR 1.62, 95{\%} CI 1.28–2.05) increase in HCV acquisition risk, also with moderate heterogeneity between studies (I²=57.3{\%}; p=0.002). Past incarceration was associated with a 25{\%} increase in HIV (RR 1.25, 95{\%} CI 0.94–1.65) and a 21{\%} increase in HCV (1.21, 1.02–1.43) acquisition risk.Interpretation: Incarceration is associated with substantial short-term increases in HIV and HCV acquisition risk among PWID and could be a significant driver of HCV and HIV transmission among PWID. These findings support the need for developing novel interventions to minimise the risk of HCV and HIV acquisition, including addressing structural risks associated with drug laws and excessive incarceration of PWID.",
author = "Jack Stone and Hannah Fraser and Aaron Lim and Josephine Walker and Zoe Ward and Louis MacGregor and Adam Trickey and Samuel Abbott and Strathdee, {Steffanie A} and Daniela Abramovitz and Lisa Maher and Jenny Iversen and Julie Bruneau and Geng Zang and Richard Garfein and Yung-Fen Yen and Tasnim Azim and Shruti Mehta and MJ Milloy and Hellard, {Margaret E.} and Rachel Sacks-Davis and Paul Dietze and Aitken, {Campbell K.} and Malvina Aladashvili and Tengiz Tsertsvadze and Viktor Mravč{\'i}k and Michel Alary and Elise Roy and Pavlo Smyrnov and Yana Sazonova and April Young and Jennifer Havens and Vivian Hope and Monica Desai and Ellen Heinsbroek and Hutchinson, {Sharon J.} and Norah Palmateer and Andrew McAuley and Lucy Platt and Natasha Martin and Altice, {Frederick L} and Matthew Hickman and Peter Vickerman",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30469-9",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "1397--1409",
journal = "Lancet Infectious Diseases",
issn = "1473-3099",
publisher = "Lancet Publishing Group",
number = "12",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Incarceration history and risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus acquisition among people who inject drugs

T2 - a systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Stone, Jack

AU - Fraser, Hannah

AU - Lim, Aaron

AU - Walker, Josephine

AU - Ward, Zoe

AU - MacGregor, Louis

AU - Trickey, Adam

AU - Abbott, Samuel

AU - Strathdee, Steffanie A

AU - Abramovitz, Daniela

AU - Maher, Lisa

AU - Iversen, Jenny

AU - Bruneau, Julie

AU - Zang, Geng

AU - Garfein, Richard

AU - Yen, Yung-Fen

AU - Azim, Tasnim

AU - Mehta, Shruti

AU - Milloy, MJ

AU - Hellard, Margaret E.

AU - Sacks-Davis, Rachel

AU - Dietze, Paul

AU - Aitken, Campbell K.

AU - Aladashvili, Malvina

AU - Tsertsvadze, Tengiz

AU - Mravčík, Viktor

AU - Alary, Michel

AU - Roy, Elise

AU - Smyrnov, Pavlo

AU - Sazonova, Yana

AU - Young, April

AU - Havens, Jennifer

AU - Hope, Vivian

AU - Desai, Monica

AU - Heinsbroek, Ellen

AU - Hutchinson, Sharon J.

AU - Palmateer, Norah

AU - McAuley, Andrew

AU - Platt, Lucy

AU - Martin, Natasha

AU - Altice, Frederick L

AU - Hickman, Matthew

AU - Vickerman, Peter

PY - 2018/12

Y1 - 2018/12

N2 - Background: People who inject drugs (PWID) experience a high prevalence of incarceration and might be at high risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection during or after incarceration. We aimed to assess whether incarceration history elevates HIV or HCV acquisition risk among PWID.Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO databases for studies in any language published from Jan 1, 2000 until June 13, 2017 assessing HIV or HCV incidence among PWID. We included studies that measured HIV or HCV incidence among community-recruited PWID. We included only studies reporting original results and excluded studies that evaluated incident infections by self-report. We contacted authors of cohort studies that met the inclusion or exclusion criteria, but that did not report on the outcomes of interest, to request data. We extracted and pooled data from the included studies using random-effects meta-analyses to quantify the associations between recent (past 3, 6, or 12 months or since last follow-up) or past incarceration and HIV or HCV acquisition (primary infection or reinfection) risk among PWID. We assessed the risk of bias of included studies using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Between-study heterogeneity was evaluated using the I² statistic and the P-value for heterogeneity.Findings: We included published results from 20 studies and unpublished results from 21 studies. These studies originated from Australasia, western and eastern Europe, North and Latin America, and east and southeast Asia. Recent incarceration was associated with an 81% (relative risk [RR] 1.81, 95% CI 1.40-2.34) increase in HIV acquisition risk, with moderate heterogeneity between studies (I²=63.5%; p=0.001), and a 62% (RR 1.62, 95% CI 1.28–2.05) increase in HCV acquisition risk, also with moderate heterogeneity between studies (I²=57.3%; p=0.002). Past incarceration was associated with a 25% increase in HIV (RR 1.25, 95% CI 0.94–1.65) and a 21% increase in HCV (1.21, 1.02–1.43) acquisition risk.Interpretation: Incarceration is associated with substantial short-term increases in HIV and HCV acquisition risk among PWID and could be a significant driver of HCV and HIV transmission among PWID. These findings support the need for developing novel interventions to minimise the risk of HCV and HIV acquisition, including addressing structural risks associated with drug laws and excessive incarceration of PWID.

AB - Background: People who inject drugs (PWID) experience a high prevalence of incarceration and might be at high risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection during or after incarceration. We aimed to assess whether incarceration history elevates HIV or HCV acquisition risk among PWID.Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO databases for studies in any language published from Jan 1, 2000 until June 13, 2017 assessing HIV or HCV incidence among PWID. We included studies that measured HIV or HCV incidence among community-recruited PWID. We included only studies reporting original results and excluded studies that evaluated incident infections by self-report. We contacted authors of cohort studies that met the inclusion or exclusion criteria, but that did not report on the outcomes of interest, to request data. We extracted and pooled data from the included studies using random-effects meta-analyses to quantify the associations between recent (past 3, 6, or 12 months or since last follow-up) or past incarceration and HIV or HCV acquisition (primary infection or reinfection) risk among PWID. We assessed the risk of bias of included studies using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Between-study heterogeneity was evaluated using the I² statistic and the P-value for heterogeneity.Findings: We included published results from 20 studies and unpublished results from 21 studies. These studies originated from Australasia, western and eastern Europe, North and Latin America, and east and southeast Asia. Recent incarceration was associated with an 81% (relative risk [RR] 1.81, 95% CI 1.40-2.34) increase in HIV acquisition risk, with moderate heterogeneity between studies (I²=63.5%; p=0.001), and a 62% (RR 1.62, 95% CI 1.28–2.05) increase in HCV acquisition risk, also with moderate heterogeneity between studies (I²=57.3%; p=0.002). Past incarceration was associated with a 25% increase in HIV (RR 1.25, 95% CI 0.94–1.65) and a 21% increase in HCV (1.21, 1.02–1.43) acquisition risk.Interpretation: Incarceration is associated with substantial short-term increases in HIV and HCV acquisition risk among PWID and could be a significant driver of HCV and HIV transmission among PWID. These findings support the need for developing novel interventions to minimise the risk of HCV and HIV acquisition, including addressing structural risks associated with drug laws and excessive incarceration of PWID.

U2 - 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30469-9

DO - 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30469-9

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 1397

EP - 1409

JO - Lancet Infectious Diseases

JF - Lancet Infectious Diseases

SN - 1473-3099

IS - 12

ER -