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Introducing ocean energy industries to a busy marine environment

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Introducing ocean energy industries to a busy marine environment. / Hammar, Linus; Gullstrom, Martin; Dahlgren, Thomas; Asplund, Maria; Braga Goncalves, Ines; Molander, Sverker .

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 74, 07.2017, p. 178-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Hammar, L, Gullstrom, M, Dahlgren, T, Asplund, M, Braga Goncalves, I & Molander, S 2017, 'Introducing ocean energy industries to a busy marine environment', Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 74, pp. 178-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.01.092

APA

Hammar, L., Gullstrom, M., Dahlgren, T., Asplund, M., Braga Goncalves, I., & Molander, S. (2017). Introducing ocean energy industries to a busy marine environment. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 74, 178-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.01.092

Vancouver

Hammar L, Gullstrom M, Dahlgren T, Asplund M, Braga Goncalves I, Molander S. Introducing ocean energy industries to a busy marine environment. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2017 Jul;74:178-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.01.092

Author

Hammar, Linus ; Gullstrom, Martin ; Dahlgren, Thomas ; Asplund, Maria ; Braga Goncalves, Ines ; Molander, Sverker . / Introducing ocean energy industries to a busy marine environment. In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2017 ; Vol. 74. pp. 178-185.

Bibtex

@article{ee1b777c0194415d902a9696340f96fe,
title = "Introducing ocean energy industries to a busy marine environment",
abstract = "The immense energy potential of the oceans is being increasingly recognized the world over, at the same time the integrity of marine ecosystems is challenged by pressure from multiple human activities. For good reasons environmental licensing procedures are precautionary and new industries must declare their detrimental impacts and provide mitigation measures. New ocean energy industries target renewable energy sources thus, on a grand scale, partly mitigating climate change. However, on-site environmental impacts are yet to be established. In this review we compare ocean energy industries with a wide range of conventional, better understood, human activities and outline environmental risks and research priorities. Results show that ocean energy systems are thought to incur many pressures, some familiar and others with yet unknown effects. Particular uncertainties regard ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) and large fast-moving turbines. Ocean energy industries should not be considered in isolation because the significance of environmental impacts depend on the full spectra of human activities in each area. Marine spatial planning provides a platform for holistic assessments and may facilitate the establishment of ocean energy industries, as long as risk-related uncertainties are reduced.",
author = "Linus Hammar and Martin Gullstrom and Thomas Dahlgren and Maria Asplund and {Braga Goncalves}, Ines and Sverker Molander",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.rser.2017.01.092",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
pages = "178--185",
journal = "Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews",
issn = "1364-0321",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Introducing ocean energy industries to a busy marine environment

AU - Hammar, Linus

AU - Gullstrom, Martin

AU - Dahlgren, Thomas

AU - Asplund, Maria

AU - Braga Goncalves, Ines

AU - Molander, Sverker

PY - 2017/7

Y1 - 2017/7

N2 - The immense energy potential of the oceans is being increasingly recognized the world over, at the same time the integrity of marine ecosystems is challenged by pressure from multiple human activities. For good reasons environmental licensing procedures are precautionary and new industries must declare their detrimental impacts and provide mitigation measures. New ocean energy industries target renewable energy sources thus, on a grand scale, partly mitigating climate change. However, on-site environmental impacts are yet to be established. In this review we compare ocean energy industries with a wide range of conventional, better understood, human activities and outline environmental risks and research priorities. Results show that ocean energy systems are thought to incur many pressures, some familiar and others with yet unknown effects. Particular uncertainties regard ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) and large fast-moving turbines. Ocean energy industries should not be considered in isolation because the significance of environmental impacts depend on the full spectra of human activities in each area. Marine spatial planning provides a platform for holistic assessments and may facilitate the establishment of ocean energy industries, as long as risk-related uncertainties are reduced.

AB - The immense energy potential of the oceans is being increasingly recognized the world over, at the same time the integrity of marine ecosystems is challenged by pressure from multiple human activities. For good reasons environmental licensing procedures are precautionary and new industries must declare their detrimental impacts and provide mitigation measures. New ocean energy industries target renewable energy sources thus, on a grand scale, partly mitigating climate change. However, on-site environmental impacts are yet to be established. In this review we compare ocean energy industries with a wide range of conventional, better understood, human activities and outline environmental risks and research priorities. Results show that ocean energy systems are thought to incur many pressures, some familiar and others with yet unknown effects. Particular uncertainties regard ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) and large fast-moving turbines. Ocean energy industries should not be considered in isolation because the significance of environmental impacts depend on the full spectra of human activities in each area. Marine spatial planning provides a platform for holistic assessments and may facilitate the establishment of ocean energy industries, as long as risk-related uncertainties are reduced.

U2 - 10.1016/j.rser.2017.01.092

DO - 10.1016/j.rser.2017.01.092

M3 - Article

VL - 74

SP - 178

EP - 185

JO - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

JF - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

SN - 1364-0321

ER -