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Measuring the scales of segregation: Looking at the residential separation of white British and other school children in England using a multilevel index of dissimilarity

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Measuring the scales of segregation : Looking at the residential separation of white British and other school children in England using a multilevel index of dissimilarity. / Harris, Richard.

In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Vol. 42, No. 3, 07.08.2017, p. 432–444 .

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@article{322fdbd7a43c4d1bad4ed5af78593fbd,
title = "Measuring the scales of segregation: Looking at the residential separation of white British and other school children in England using a multilevel index of dissimilarity",
abstract = "Within the segregation literature there has been a movement away from measuring ethnic segregation at a single scale, using traditional indices, to instead treating segregation as a multiscale phenomenon about which measurement at a range of scales will shed knowledge. Amongst the contributions, several authors have promoted multilevel modelling as a way of looking at segregation at multiple scales of a geographical hierarchy, estimating the micro-, meso- and macro effects of segregation simultaneously. This paper takes the approach forward by outlining a multilevel index of dissimilarity that combines the advantages of using a widely-understood index with a means to identify scale effects in a way that is computationally fast to estimate and uses freely available software to do so. To demonstrate the method, a case study is made looking at the residential separation of White British pupils from six other ethnic groups in England in 2011. It examines a claim made by the Casey Review into opportunity and integration that school children are more residentially segregated than the population-at-large. The results suggest that school children were indeed more residentially divided but comparison with earlier data and the general uplift in the scales at which patterns of segregation are evident suggest a trend of decreasing segregation overall and the spreading-out of ‘minority’ groups.",
keywords = "index of dissimilarity, segregation, ethnicity, multilevel, multiscale, Casey Review",
author = "Richard Harris",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1111/tran.12181",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "432–444",
journal = "Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers",
issn = "0020-2754",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "3",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring the scales of segregation

T2 - Looking at the residential separation of white British and other school children in England using a multilevel index of dissimilarity

AU - Harris, Richard

PY - 2017/8/7

Y1 - 2017/8/7

N2 - Within the segregation literature there has been a movement away from measuring ethnic segregation at a single scale, using traditional indices, to instead treating segregation as a multiscale phenomenon about which measurement at a range of scales will shed knowledge. Amongst the contributions, several authors have promoted multilevel modelling as a way of looking at segregation at multiple scales of a geographical hierarchy, estimating the micro-, meso- and macro effects of segregation simultaneously. This paper takes the approach forward by outlining a multilevel index of dissimilarity that combines the advantages of using a widely-understood index with a means to identify scale effects in a way that is computationally fast to estimate and uses freely available software to do so. To demonstrate the method, a case study is made looking at the residential separation of White British pupils from six other ethnic groups in England in 2011. It examines a claim made by the Casey Review into opportunity and integration that school children are more residentially segregated than the population-at-large. The results suggest that school children were indeed more residentially divided but comparison with earlier data and the general uplift in the scales at which patterns of segregation are evident suggest a trend of decreasing segregation overall and the spreading-out of ‘minority’ groups.

AB - Within the segregation literature there has been a movement away from measuring ethnic segregation at a single scale, using traditional indices, to instead treating segregation as a multiscale phenomenon about which measurement at a range of scales will shed knowledge. Amongst the contributions, several authors have promoted multilevel modelling as a way of looking at segregation at multiple scales of a geographical hierarchy, estimating the micro-, meso- and macro effects of segregation simultaneously. This paper takes the approach forward by outlining a multilevel index of dissimilarity that combines the advantages of using a widely-understood index with a means to identify scale effects in a way that is computationally fast to estimate and uses freely available software to do so. To demonstrate the method, a case study is made looking at the residential separation of White British pupils from six other ethnic groups in England in 2011. It examines a claim made by the Casey Review into opportunity and integration that school children are more residentially segregated than the population-at-large. The results suggest that school children were indeed more residentially divided but comparison with earlier data and the general uplift in the scales at which patterns of segregation are evident suggest a trend of decreasing segregation overall and the spreading-out of ‘minority’ groups.

KW - index of dissimilarity

KW - segregation

KW - ethnicity

KW - multilevel

KW - multiscale

KW - Casey Review

U2 - 10.1111/tran.12181

DO - 10.1111/tran.12181

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 432

EP - 444

JO - Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers

JF - Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers

SN - 0020-2754

IS - 3

ER -