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Modelling and Simulation of Rapidly Changing Road Gradients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Modelling and Simulation of Rapidly Changing Road Gradients. / Wragge-Morley, Robert T; Herrmann, Guido; Burgess, Stuart; Barber, Phil.

In: SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems, Vol. 9, No. 1, 05.04.2016, p. 392-401.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Wragge-Morley, RT, Herrmann, G, Burgess, S & Barber, P 2016, 'Modelling and Simulation of Rapidly Changing Road Gradients', SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 392-401. https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-1663

APA

Wragge-Morley, R. T., Herrmann, G., Burgess, S., & Barber, P. (2016). Modelling and Simulation of Rapidly Changing Road Gradients. SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems, 9(1), 392-401. https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-1663

Vancouver

Wragge-Morley RT, Herrmann G, Burgess S, Barber P. Modelling and Simulation of Rapidly Changing Road Gradients. SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems. 2016 Apr 5;9(1):392-401. https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-1663

Author

Wragge-Morley, Robert T ; Herrmann, Guido ; Burgess, Stuart ; Barber, Phil. / Modelling and Simulation of Rapidly Changing Road Gradients. In: SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems. 2016 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 392-401.

Bibtex

@article{6a15ecfad094486aaea8171b78dc4806,
title = "Modelling and Simulation of Rapidly Changing Road Gradients",
abstract = "In vehicle dynamics modelling, the road profile is generally treated in one of two ways; either the gradient is a property that changes over a length scale far greater than that of the vehicle's wheelbase, or as a very detailed road surface model for determining the behaviour of vehicle suspensions. Occasionally, for modelling the behaviour of off-road vehicles, step-climbing manoeuvres are modelled. We propose an extension the general ideas of these step-climbing models to a general, continuously varying road gradient model for cases where the distance over which the large gradient change occurs are of similar length-scale as the vehicle wheelbase. The motivation behind this work comes from a road gradient and vehicle mass estimation problem where it was noticed that very sudden gradient changes have a significant impact on the powertrain, but in a way that is not proportional to the attitude change of the vehicle. We present an analysis applicable to these cases where the road gradient change is substantially different from the vehicle attitude change. The analysis is built up from a very basic step climbing exercise to a general case solution for two dimensional longitudinal vehicle dynamics. Methods of handling road gradient and gradient change for modelling purposes are also discussed, and a method is proposed defines the gradient change as an input to the model (where applicable) as well as simply the instantaneous gradient at a point in space. The results of preliminary validation experiments for simple gradient change cases are shown. We discuss the implication of these road gradient transients to vehicle parameter estimation based on powertrain behaviour.",
keywords = "Commercial vehicle, automotive, simulation and modeling, vehicle dynamics, off-highway vehicles and equipment",
author = "Wragge-Morley, {Robert T} and Guido Herrmann and Stuart Burgess and Phil Barber",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "5",
doi = "10.4271/2016-01-1663",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "392--401",
journal = "SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems",
issn = "1946-3995",
publisher = "SAE International",
number = "1",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modelling and Simulation of Rapidly Changing Road Gradients

AU - Wragge-Morley, Robert T

AU - Herrmann, Guido

AU - Burgess, Stuart

AU - Barber, Phil

PY - 2016/4/5

Y1 - 2016/4/5

N2 - In vehicle dynamics modelling, the road profile is generally treated in one of two ways; either the gradient is a property that changes over a length scale far greater than that of the vehicle's wheelbase, or as a very detailed road surface model for determining the behaviour of vehicle suspensions. Occasionally, for modelling the behaviour of off-road vehicles, step-climbing manoeuvres are modelled. We propose an extension the general ideas of these step-climbing models to a general, continuously varying road gradient model for cases where the distance over which the large gradient change occurs are of similar length-scale as the vehicle wheelbase. The motivation behind this work comes from a road gradient and vehicle mass estimation problem where it was noticed that very sudden gradient changes have a significant impact on the powertrain, but in a way that is not proportional to the attitude change of the vehicle. We present an analysis applicable to these cases where the road gradient change is substantially different from the vehicle attitude change. The analysis is built up from a very basic step climbing exercise to a general case solution for two dimensional longitudinal vehicle dynamics. Methods of handling road gradient and gradient change for modelling purposes are also discussed, and a method is proposed defines the gradient change as an input to the model (where applicable) as well as simply the instantaneous gradient at a point in space. The results of preliminary validation experiments for simple gradient change cases are shown. We discuss the implication of these road gradient transients to vehicle parameter estimation based on powertrain behaviour.

AB - In vehicle dynamics modelling, the road profile is generally treated in one of two ways; either the gradient is a property that changes over a length scale far greater than that of the vehicle's wheelbase, or as a very detailed road surface model for determining the behaviour of vehicle suspensions. Occasionally, for modelling the behaviour of off-road vehicles, step-climbing manoeuvres are modelled. We propose an extension the general ideas of these step-climbing models to a general, continuously varying road gradient model for cases where the distance over which the large gradient change occurs are of similar length-scale as the vehicle wheelbase. The motivation behind this work comes from a road gradient and vehicle mass estimation problem where it was noticed that very sudden gradient changes have a significant impact on the powertrain, but in a way that is not proportional to the attitude change of the vehicle. We present an analysis applicable to these cases where the road gradient change is substantially different from the vehicle attitude change. The analysis is built up from a very basic step climbing exercise to a general case solution for two dimensional longitudinal vehicle dynamics. Methods of handling road gradient and gradient change for modelling purposes are also discussed, and a method is proposed defines the gradient change as an input to the model (where applicable) as well as simply the instantaneous gradient at a point in space. The results of preliminary validation experiments for simple gradient change cases are shown. We discuss the implication of these road gradient transients to vehicle parameter estimation based on powertrain behaviour.

KW - Commercial vehicle

KW - automotive

KW - simulation and modeling

KW - vehicle dynamics

KW - off-highway vehicles and equipment

U2 - 10.4271/2016-01-1663

DO - 10.4271/2016-01-1663

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 392

EP - 401

JO - SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems

JF - SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems

SN - 1946-3995

IS - 1

ER -