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Mothers' knowledge and attitudes to sudden infant death syndrome risk reduction messages: results from a UK survey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume103
Issue number1
Early online date16 Aug 2017
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 4 Jul 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 16 Aug 2017
DatePublished (current) - Jan 2018

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate mothers' knowledge of reducing the risks for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and attitudes towards safer sleep practices.

DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in deprived areas of Bristol, UK. Recruitment took place in 2014 at local health visitor-led baby clinics.

PARTICIPANTS: Of 432 mothers approached, 400 (93%) completed the face-to-face survey. Participants with infants at 'higher' risk of SIDS (using an algorithm based on a previous observational study) were compared with those at 'lower' risk.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The survey asked participants to recall three SIDS risk reduction strategies (unprompted), and scored responses to 14 SIDS risk-related infant sleep scenarios (prompted).

RESULTS: Overall, 48/400 (12%) mothers were classified as higher risk. Mothers in the higher risk group were less likely to breast feed (multivariate OR=3.59(95% CI 1.46 to 8.86)), less likely to be able to cite two or more unprompted correct SIDS risk reduction strategies (multivariate OR=2.05(95% CI 1.02 to 4.13)) and scored lower on prompted safer sleep scenarios overall.Notably, only 206/400 (52%) of all mothers surveyed (33% in the higher risk group) from these deprived areas in Bristol identified infant sleep position as a risk reduction strategy for SIDS, despite 25 years of campaigns.

CONCLUSIONS: Mothers in the higher risk group were disadvantaged when it came to some aspects of knowledge of SIDS risk reduction and attitudes to safer sleep. The initial 'Back-to Sleep' message that dramatically reduced these deaths a generation ago needs more effective promotion for today's generation of mothers.

    Research areas

  • epidemiology, infant, public health, SIDS, sleep

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    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via BMJ at http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2017/08/10/archdischild-2017-312927. Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 708 KB, PDF-document

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