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Numerical analysis of microwave detection of breast tumours using synthetic focussing techniques

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium 2004, Monterey, USA
Publisher or commissioning bodyInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages2440 - 2443
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)0780383028
StatePublished - Jun 2004
EventIEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium - Monterey, United States


ConferenceIEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium
CountryUnited States
Period1/06/04 → …


Microwave detection of breast tumours is a non-ionising and potentially low-cost and more certain alternative to X-ray mammography. Analogous to ground penetrating radar (GPR), microwaves are transmitted using an antenna array and the reflected signals, which contain reflections from tumours, are recorded. The work presented here employs a post reception synthetically focussed detection method developed for land mine detection (R. Benjamin et al., IEE Proc. Radar, Sonar and Nav., vol. 148, no.4, pp. 233-40, 2001); all elements of an antenna array transmit a broadband signal in turn, the elements sharing a field of view with the current transmit element then record the received signal. By predicting the path delay between transmit and receive antennas via any desired point in the breast, it is then possible to extract and time-align all signals from that point. Repeated for all points in the breast, this yields an image in which the distinct dielectric properties of malignant tissue are potentially visible. This contribution presents a theoretical evaluation of the breast imaging system using FDTD methods. The FDTD model realistically models a practical system incorporating wide band antenna elements. One major challenge in breast cancer detection using microwaves is the clutter arising from skin interface. Deeply located tumours can be detected using windowing techniques (R. Nilavalan et al., Electronics Letters, vol. 39, pp. 1787-1789, 2003); however tumours closer to the skin interface require additional consideration, as described herein.

Additional information

Rose publication type: Conference contribution Terms of use: Copyright © 2004 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 2004. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the University of Bristol's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it.


IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium

Duration1 Jun 2004 → …
CountryUnited States

Event: Conference

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