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Production of phosphorene nanoribbons

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Production of phosphorene nanoribbons. / Watts, Mitchell C.; Picco, Loren; Russell-Pavier, Freddie S.; Cullen, Patrick L.; Miller, Thomas S.; Bartuś, Szymon P.; Payton, Oliver D.; Skipper, Neal T.; Tileli, Vasiliki; Howard, Christopher A.

In: Nature, Vol. 568, No. 7751, 11.04.2019, p. 216-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Harvard

Watts, MC, Picco, L, Russell-Pavier, FS, Cullen, PL, Miller, TS, Bartuś, SP, Payton, OD, Skipper, NT, Tileli, V & Howard, CA 2019, 'Production of phosphorene nanoribbons', Nature, vol. 568, no. 7751, pp. 216-220. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1074-x

APA

Watts, M. C., Picco, L., Russell-Pavier, F. S., Cullen, P. L., Miller, T. S., Bartuś, S. P., ... Howard, C. A. (2019). Production of phosphorene nanoribbons. Nature, 568(7751), 216-220. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1074-x

Vancouver

Watts MC, Picco L, Russell-Pavier FS, Cullen PL, Miller TS, Bartuś SP et al. Production of phosphorene nanoribbons. Nature. 2019 Apr 11;568(7751):216-220. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1074-x

Author

Watts, Mitchell C. ; Picco, Loren ; Russell-Pavier, Freddie S. ; Cullen, Patrick L. ; Miller, Thomas S. ; Bartuś, Szymon P. ; Payton, Oliver D. ; Skipper, Neal T. ; Tileli, Vasiliki ; Howard, Christopher A. / Production of phosphorene nanoribbons. In: Nature. 2019 ; Vol. 568, No. 7751. pp. 216-220.

Bibtex

@article{8af5cd995906455782bedb05eb781819,
title = "Production of phosphorene nanoribbons",
abstract = "Phosphorene is a mono-elemental, two-dimensional (2D) substance with outstanding, highly directional properties and a bandgap that depends on the number of layers of the material 1–8 . Nanoribbons, meanwhile, combine the flexibility and unidirectional properties of one-dimensional nanomaterials, the high surface area of 2D nanomaterials and the electron-confinement and edge effects of both. The structures of nanoribbons can thus lead to exceptional control over electronic band structure, the emergence of novel phenomena and unique architectures for applications 5,6,9–24 . Phosphorene’s intrinsically anisotropic structure has motivated numerous theoretical calculations of phosphorene nanoribbons (PNRs), predicting extraordinary properties 5,6,12–24 . So far, however, discrete PNRs have not been produced. Here we present a method for creating quantities of high-quality, individual PNRs by ionic scissoring of macroscopic black phosphorus crystals. This top–down process results in stable liquid dispersions of PNRs with typical widths of 4–50 nm, predominantly single-layer thickness, measured lengths of up to 75 μm and aspect ratios of up to 1,000. The nanoribbons are atomically flat single crystals, aligned exclusively in the zigzag crystallographic orientation. The ribbons have remarkably uniform widths along their entire lengths, and are extremely flexible. These properties—together with the ease of downstream manipulation via liquid-phase methods—should enable the search for predicted exotic states 6,12–14,17–19,21 , and an array of applications in which PNRs have been predicted to offer transformative advantages. These applications range from thermoelectric devices to high-capacity fast-charging batteries and integrated high-speed electronic circuits 6,14–16,20,23,24 .",
author = "Watts, {Mitchell C.} and Loren Picco and Russell-Pavier, {Freddie S.} and Cullen, {Patrick L.} and Miller, {Thomas S.} and Bartuś, {Szymon P.} and Payton, {Oliver D.} and Skipper, {Neal T.} and Vasiliki Tileli and Howard, {Christopher A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1038/s41586-019-1074-x",
language = "English",
volume = "568",
pages = "216--220",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Springer Nature",
number = "7751",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Production of phosphorene nanoribbons

AU - Watts, Mitchell C.

AU - Picco, Loren

AU - Russell-Pavier, Freddie S.

AU - Cullen, Patrick L.

AU - Miller, Thomas S.

AU - Bartuś, Szymon P.

AU - Payton, Oliver D.

AU - Skipper, Neal T.

AU - Tileli, Vasiliki

AU - Howard, Christopher A.

PY - 2019/4/11

Y1 - 2019/4/11

N2 - Phosphorene is a mono-elemental, two-dimensional (2D) substance with outstanding, highly directional properties and a bandgap that depends on the number of layers of the material 1–8 . Nanoribbons, meanwhile, combine the flexibility and unidirectional properties of one-dimensional nanomaterials, the high surface area of 2D nanomaterials and the electron-confinement and edge effects of both. The structures of nanoribbons can thus lead to exceptional control over electronic band structure, the emergence of novel phenomena and unique architectures for applications 5,6,9–24 . Phosphorene’s intrinsically anisotropic structure has motivated numerous theoretical calculations of phosphorene nanoribbons (PNRs), predicting extraordinary properties 5,6,12–24 . So far, however, discrete PNRs have not been produced. Here we present a method for creating quantities of high-quality, individual PNRs by ionic scissoring of macroscopic black phosphorus crystals. This top–down process results in stable liquid dispersions of PNRs with typical widths of 4–50 nm, predominantly single-layer thickness, measured lengths of up to 75 μm and aspect ratios of up to 1,000. The nanoribbons are atomically flat single crystals, aligned exclusively in the zigzag crystallographic orientation. The ribbons have remarkably uniform widths along their entire lengths, and are extremely flexible. These properties—together with the ease of downstream manipulation via liquid-phase methods—should enable the search for predicted exotic states 6,12–14,17–19,21 , and an array of applications in which PNRs have been predicted to offer transformative advantages. These applications range from thermoelectric devices to high-capacity fast-charging batteries and integrated high-speed electronic circuits 6,14–16,20,23,24 .

AB - Phosphorene is a mono-elemental, two-dimensional (2D) substance with outstanding, highly directional properties and a bandgap that depends on the number of layers of the material 1–8 . Nanoribbons, meanwhile, combine the flexibility and unidirectional properties of one-dimensional nanomaterials, the high surface area of 2D nanomaterials and the electron-confinement and edge effects of both. The structures of nanoribbons can thus lead to exceptional control over electronic band structure, the emergence of novel phenomena and unique architectures for applications 5,6,9–24 . Phosphorene’s intrinsically anisotropic structure has motivated numerous theoretical calculations of phosphorene nanoribbons (PNRs), predicting extraordinary properties 5,6,12–24 . So far, however, discrete PNRs have not been produced. Here we present a method for creating quantities of high-quality, individual PNRs by ionic scissoring of macroscopic black phosphorus crystals. This top–down process results in stable liquid dispersions of PNRs with typical widths of 4–50 nm, predominantly single-layer thickness, measured lengths of up to 75 μm and aspect ratios of up to 1,000. The nanoribbons are atomically flat single crystals, aligned exclusively in the zigzag crystallographic orientation. The ribbons have remarkably uniform widths along their entire lengths, and are extremely flexible. These properties—together with the ease of downstream manipulation via liquid-phase methods—should enable the search for predicted exotic states 6,12–14,17–19,21 , and an array of applications in which PNRs have been predicted to offer transformative advantages. These applications range from thermoelectric devices to high-capacity fast-charging batteries and integrated high-speed electronic circuits 6,14–16,20,23,24 .

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064259924&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41586-019-1074-x

DO - 10.1038/s41586-019-1074-x

M3 - Letter

VL - 568

SP - 216

EP - 220

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7751

ER -