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Programmable four-photon graph states on a silicon chip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article number3528 (2019)
Number of pages6
JournalNature Communications
DateSubmitted - 7 Nov 2018
DateAccepted/In press - 25 Jun 2019
DatePublished (current) - 6 Aug 2019


Future quantum computers require a scalable architecture on a scalable technology---one that supports millions of high-performance components. Measurement-based protocols, based on graph states, represent the state of the art in architectures for optical quantum computing. Silicon photonics offers enormous scale and proven quantum optical functionality. Here we report the first demonstration of photonic graph states on a mass-manufactured chip using four on-chip generated photons. We generate both star- and line-type graph states, implementing a basic measurement-based protocol, and measure heralded interference of the chip's four photons. We develop a model of the device and bound the dominant sources of error using Bayesian inference. The two-photon barrier, which has constrained chip-scale quantum optics, is now broken; future increases in on-chip photon number now depend solely on reducing loss, and increasing rates. This experiment, combining silicon technology with a graph-based architecture, illuminates one path to a large-scale quantum future.



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