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RE-CODE DCM (REsearch Objectives and Common Data Elements for Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy): A Consensus Process to Improve Research Efficiency in DCM, Through Establishment of a Standardized Dataset for Clinical Research and the Definition of the Research Priorities

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Benjamin M. Davies
  • Danyal Z. Khan
  • Oliver D. Mowforth
  • Angus G.K. McNair
  • Toto Gronlund
  • Angelos G. Kolias
  • Lindsay Tetreault
  • Michelle L. Starkey
  • Iwan Sadler
  • Ellen Sarewitz
  • Delphine Houlton
  • Julia Carter
  • Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan
  • Bizhan Aarabi
  • Brian K. Kwon
  • Shekar N. Kurpad
  • James Harrop
  • Jefferson R. Wilson
  • Robert Grossman
  • Armin Curt
  • Michael G. Fehlings
  • Mark R.N. Kotter
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65S-76S
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
Issue number1_suppl
DatePublished - 1 May 2019


Study Design: Mixed-method consensus process. Objectives: Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a common and disabling condition that arises when mechanical stress damages the spinal cord as a result of degenerative changes in the surrounding spinal structures. RECODE-DCM (REsearch Objectives and Common Data Elements for Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy) aims to improve efficient use of health care resources within the field of DCM by using a multi-stakeholder partnership to define the DCM research priorities, to develop a minimum dataset for DCM clinical studies, and confirm a definition of DCM. Methods: This requires a multi-stakeholder partnership and multiple parallel consensus development processes. It will be conducted via 4 phases, adhering to the guidance set out by the COMET (Core Outcomes in Effectiveness Trials) and JLA (James Lind Alliance) initiatives. Phase 1 will consist of preliminary work to inform online Delphi processes (Phase 2) and a consensus meeting (Phase 3). Following the findings of the consensus meeting, a synthesis of relevant measurement instruments will be compiled and assessed as per the COSMIN (Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments) criteria, to allow recommendations to be made on how to measure agreed data points. Phase 4 will monitor and promote the use of eventual recommendations. Conclusions: RECODE-DCM sets out to establish for the first time an index term, minimum dataset, and research priorities together. Our aim is to reduce waste of health care resources in the future by using patient priorities to inform the scope of future DCM research activities. The consistent use of a standard dataset in DCM clinical studies, audit, and clinical surveillance will facilitate pooled analysis of future data and, ultimately, a deeper understanding of DCM.

    Research areas

  • audit, cervical, cervical stenosis, common data elements (CDE), consensus, Core Outcomes in Effectiveness Trials (COMET), dataset, Delphi, disc herniation, James Lind Alliance (JLA), myelopathy, OPLL, outcome, protocol, research priorities, spondylosis, surveillance

    Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research



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