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Retrospective evaluation of recurrent secondary septic peritonitis in dogs (2000-2011): 41 cases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Dominic M Barfield
  • Michael Tivers
  • Matthew Holahan
  • Kristin Welch
  • Arthur House
  • Sophie E Adamantos
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-287
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume26
Issue number2
Early online date2 Nov 2015
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 26 Oct 2014
DateE-pub ahead of print - 2 Nov 2015
DatePublished (current) - Apr 2016

Abstract

Objective

To describe the clinical characteristics of recurrent septic peritonitis in dogs.

Design

Multicenter retrospective observational study.

Animals

Client-owned dogs with recurrent septic peritonitis.

Setting

Three university emergency and referral hospitals.

Interventions

None.

Measurements and Main Results

Medical records from 3 veterinary university teaching hospitals were reviewed and data were collected using a standardized data collection sheet for all cases of septic peritonitis during the study period (2000–2011). Forty one dogs met the inclusion criteria for recurrent peritonitis. All dogs underwent relaparotomy. The original cause of septic peritonitis in these cases included previous surgery for gastrointestinal foreign body removal (n = 26), gastrointestinal neoplasia (n = 3), gastric or duodenal ulceration (n = 3), bilary tract leakage (n = 2), and single instance for each of the following: penetrating foreign body, hernia strangulation, intussusception, mesenteric volvulus, infection of the laparotomy incision, prostatic abscess, and trauma. Eighteen animals survived to discharge. There was no difference detected between survivors and nonsurvivors with recurrent peritonitis in terms of inciting cause, serum albumin concentration, surgical management, or provision of appropriate initial antimicrobials. The survival rate for dogs having recurrent peritonitis was 43.9% (18/41 dogs).

Conclusions

This retrospective study did not identify any significant prognostic indicators for dogs with recurrent peritonitis and that the mortality rate for dogs having more than one surgery for septic peritonitis is similar to that reported for a single surgery for septic peritonitis.

    Research areas

  • canine, prognostic factors, septic abdomen, tertiary peritonitis

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  • Full-text PDF (accepted author manuscript)

    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Barfield, D. M., Tivers, M. S., Holahan, M., Welch, K., House, A. and Adamantos, S. E. (2015), Retrospective evaluation of recurrent secondary septic peritonitis in dogs (2000–2011): 41 cases. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, which has been published in final form at doi: 10.1111/vec.12413. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

    Accepted author manuscript, 79 KB, PDF-document

DOI

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