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Scenario driven evaluation and interference mitigation proposals for Bluetooth and high data rate Bluetooth enabled consumer electronic devices

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)754 - 764
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2002


Previous research has focussed on residential coverage and achievable data rates using the Bluetooth personal area network (PAN) standard. To meet the bit rate needs of future consumer electronics devices, M-PSK modulation schemes have been proposed as likely candidates for high data rate extensions to Bluetooth. This paper investigates the effects of interference occurring between high data rate time-bounded and non-time-bounded Bluetooth enabled consumer electronic devices. Frequency hopping selection kernels for both the 79-hop and the 23-hop systems in Bluetooth were implemented in software. Using this model, collision statistics were obtained between a wanted Bluetooth user (in a piconet) and interferers (Bluetooth users in different piconets) operating under typical scenarios that were constructed within the test environment. These scenarios featured piconets operating in an office environment in both synchronous and asynchronous modes and with typical up and downlink loading factors. A detailed link level physical layer simulation was used to obtain packet error rate performance based on the collision statistics obtained. Finally, a state-of-the-art indoor space-time propagation modelling tool was used to analyse the data throughput performance capabilities for Bluetooth data medium (DM) rate and data high (DH) rate packets. Results highlight a clear need to mitigate interference by employing synchronous communication in future Bluetooth evolution networks.

Additional information

Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc (IEEE) Rose publication type: Journal article Sponsorship: A.K. Arumugam wishes to thank the Overseas Research Scholarship (ORS), UK and QinetiQ Ltd. for the financial support provided in funding this work. A.K. Arumugam also wishes to thank the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE), UK for the financial support provided by the Robinson Research Fellowship fund. Terms of use: Copyright © 2002 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the University of Bristol's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it.

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