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Simulatable Leakage: Analysis, Pitfalls, and New Constructions

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Cryptology - ASIACRYPT 2014
Publisher or commissioning bodySpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages223-242
Volume8873
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-662-45610-1
ISBN (Print)978-3-662-45607-1
DOIs
DatePublished - 7 Dec 2014

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherLecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume8873
ISSN (Electronic)0302-9743

Abstract

In 2013, Standaert \emph{et al.} proposed the notion of simulatable leakage to connect theoretical leakage resilience with the practice of side channel attacks. Their use of simulators, based on physical devices, to support proofs of leakage resilience allows verification of underlying assumptions: the indistinguishability game, involving real vs. simulated leakage, can be `played' by an evaluator. Using a concrete, block cipher based leakage resilient PRG and high-level simulator definition (based on concatenating two partial leakage traces), they included detailed reasoning why said simulator (for AES-128) resists state-of-the-art side channel attacks. \\\\ In this paper, we demonstrate a distinguisher against their simulator and thereby falsify their hypothesis. Our distinguishing technique, which is evaluated using concrete implementations of the Standaert \emph{et al.} simulator on several platforms, is based on `tracking' consistency (resp. identifying simulator {\em in}consistencies) in leakage traces by means of cross-correlation. In attempt to rescue the approach, we propose several alternative simulator definitions based on splitting traces at points of low intrinsic cross-correlation. Unfortunately, these come with significant caveats, and we conclude that the most natural way of producing simulated leakage is by using the underlying construction `as is' (but with a random key).

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