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The effect of acute hypohydration on glycemic regulation in healthy adults: a randomized crossover trial.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Harriet A Carroll
  • Iain Templeman
  • Yung-Chih Chen
  • Robert M Edinburgh
  • Elaine K Burch
  • Jake T Jewitt
  • Georgie Povey
  • Timothy D Robinson
  • William L Dooley
  • Robert Jones
  • Kostas Tsintzas
  • Widet Gallo
  • Olle Melander
  • Dylan Thompson
  • Lewis John James
  • Laura Johnson
  • James A Betts
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-430
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume126
Issue number2
Early online date20 Feb 2019
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 27 Nov 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 20 Feb 2019
DatePublished (current) - Feb 2019

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effect of hydration status on glycemic regulation in healthy adults and explore underlying mechanisms. In this randomized crossover trial, 16 healthy adults (8 male) underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) when hypohydrated and rehydrated, after four days of pre-trial standardization. One day pre-OGTT, participants were dehydrated for 1-h in a heat-tent with subsequent fluid restriction (HYPO) or replacement (RE). The following day, an OGTT was performed with metabolic rate measures and pre- and post-OGTT muscle biopsies. Peripheral quantitative computer tomography thigh scans were taken pre- and post-intervention to infer changes in cell volume. HYPO (but not RE) induced 1.9±1.2% body mass loss, 2.9±2.7% cell volume reduction, and increased urinary hydration markers, serum osmolality, and plasma copeptin concentration (all p≤0.007). Fasted serum glucose (HYPO 5.10±0.42 mmol∙l‑1; RE 5.02±0.40 mmol∙l-1; p=0.327) and insulin (HYPO 27.1±9.7 pmol∙L-1; RE 27.6±9.2 pmol∙L-1; p=0.809) concentrations were similar between HYPO and RE. Hydration status did not alter the serum glucose ( p=0.627) or insulin ( p=0.200) responses during the OGTT. Muscle water content was lower pre-OGTT after HYPO compared to RE (761±13 g∙kg-1 wet weight versus 772±18 g∙kg-1 RE), but similar post-OGTT (HYPO 779±15 g∙kg-1 versus RE 780±20 g∙kg‑1; time p=0.011; trial*time p = 0.055). Resting energy expenditure was similar between hydration states (stable between -1.21 and 5.94 kJ∙kg-1∙d-1; trial p=0.904). Overall, despite acute mild hypohydration increasing plasma copeptin concentrations and decreasing fasted cell volume and muscle water, we found no effect on glycemic regulation.

    Research areas

  • hydration, copeptin, glycemia, health, metabolism

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Documents

  • Full-text PDF (accepted author manuscript)

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via APS at https://www.physiology.org/doi/abs/10.1152/japplphysiol.00771.2018 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 832 KB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 20/02/20

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