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The elastic solid solution model for minerals at high pressures and temperatures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article number12
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Volume173
Issue number2
Early online date23 Jan 2018
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 22 Dec 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 23 Jan 2018
DatePublished (current) - 1 Feb 2018

Abstract

Non-ideality in mineral solid solutions affects their elastic and thermodynamic properties, their thermobaric stability, and the equilibrium phase relations in multiphase assemblages. At a given composition and state of order, non-ideality in minerals is typically modelled via excesses in Gibbs free energy which are either constant or linear with respect to pressure and temperature. This approach has been extremely successful when modelling near-ideal solutions. However, when the lattice parameters of the solution endmembers differ significantly, extrapolations of thermodynamic properties to high pressures using these models may result in significant errors. In this paper, I investigate the effect of parameterising solution models in terms of the Helmholtz free energy, treating volume (or lattice parameters) rather than pressure as an independent variable. This approach has been previously applied to models of order–disorder, but the implications for the thermodynamics and elasticity of solid solutions have not been fully explored. Solid solution models based on the Helmholtz free energy are intuitive at a microscopic level, as they automatically include the energetic contribution from elastic deformation of the endmember lattices. A chemical contribution must also be included in such models, which arises from atomic exchange within the solution. Derivations are provided for the thermodynamic properties of n-endmember solutions. Examples of the use of the elastic model are presented for the alkali halides, pyroxene, garnet, and bridgmanite solid solutions. Elastic theory provides insights into the microscopic origins of non-ideality in a range of solutions, and can make accurate predictions of excess enthalpies, entropies, and volumes as a function of volume and temperature. In solutions where experimental data are sparse or contradictory, the Helmholtz free energy approach can be used to assess the magnitude of excess properties and their variation as a function of pressure and temperature. The formulation is expected to be useful for geochemical and geophysical studies of the Earth and other planetary bodies.

    Research areas

  • Elasticity, Excess properties, High pressure, Solid, Solution model

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    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Springer at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00410-017-1436-z . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

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