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The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments

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The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 4 : Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments. / Kageyama, Masa; Albani, Samuel; Braconnot, Pascale; Harrison, Sandy P; Hopcroft, Peter O.; Ivanovic, Ruza F; Lambert, Fabrice; Marti, Olivier; Richard Peltier, W.; Peterschmitt, Jean Yves; Roche, Didier M.; Tarasov, Lev; Zhang, Xu; Brady, Esther C.; Haywood, Alan M.; Legrande, Allegra N.; Lunt, Daniel J.; Mahowald, Natalie M.; Mikolajewicz, Uwe; Nisancioglu, Kerim H.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Renssen, Hans; Tomas, Robert A.; Zhang, Qiong; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Bartlein, Patrick J.; Cao, Jian; Li, Qiang; Lohmann, Gerrit; Ohgaito, Rumi; Shi, Xiaoxu; Volodin, Evgeny; Yoshida, Kohei; Zhang, Xiao; Zheng, Weipeng.

In: Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 10, No. 11, 11.2017, p. 4035-4055.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Kageyama, M, Albani, S, Braconnot, P, Harrison, SP, Hopcroft, PO, Ivanovic, RF, Lambert, F, Marti, O, Richard Peltier, W, Peterschmitt, JY, Roche, DM, Tarasov, L, Zhang, X, Brady, EC, Haywood, AM, Legrande, AN, Lunt, DJ, Mahowald, NM, Mikolajewicz, U, Nisancioglu, KH, Otto-Bliesner, BL, Renssen, H, Tomas, RA, Zhang, Q, Abe-Ouchi, A, Bartlein, PJ, Cao, J, Li, Q, Lohmann, G, Ohgaito, R, Shi, X, Volodin, E, Yoshida, K, Zhang, X & Zheng, W 2017, 'The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments' Geoscientific Model Development, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 4035-4055. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017

APA

Kageyama, M., Albani, S., Braconnot, P., Harrison, S. P., Hopcroft, P. O., Ivanovic, R. F., ... Zheng, W. (2017). The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments. Geoscientific Model Development, 10(11), 4035-4055. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017

Vancouver

Kageyama M, Albani S, Braconnot P, Harrison SP, Hopcroft PO, Ivanovic RF et al. The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments. Geoscientific Model Development. 2017 Nov;10(11):4035-4055. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017

Author

Kageyama, Masa ; Albani, Samuel ; Braconnot, Pascale ; Harrison, Sandy P ; Hopcroft, Peter O. ; Ivanovic, Ruza F ; Lambert, Fabrice ; Marti, Olivier ; Richard Peltier, W. ; Peterschmitt, Jean Yves ; Roche, Didier M. ; Tarasov, Lev ; Zhang, Xu ; Brady, Esther C. ; Haywood, Alan M. ; Legrande, Allegra N. ; Lunt, Daniel J. ; Mahowald, Natalie M. ; Mikolajewicz, Uwe ; Nisancioglu, Kerim H. ; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L. ; Renssen, Hans ; Tomas, Robert A. ; Zhang, Qiong ; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako ; Bartlein, Patrick J. ; Cao, Jian ; Li, Qiang ; Lohmann, Gerrit ; Ohgaito, Rumi ; Shi, Xiaoxu ; Volodin, Evgeny ; Yoshida, Kohei ; Zhang, Xiao ; Zheng, Weipeng. / The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 4 : Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments. In: Geoscientific Model Development. 2017 ; Vol. 10, No. 11. pp. 4035-4055.

Bibtex

@article{14926e11f7644a4786556be31e402113,
title = "The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments",
abstract = "The Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 21 000 years ago) is one of the suite of paleoclimate simulations included in the current phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6). It is an interval when insolation was similar to the present, but global ice volume was at a maximum, eustatic sea level was at or close to a minimum, greenhouse gas concentrations were lower, atmospheric aerosol loadings were higher than today, and vegetation and land-surface characteristics were different from today. The LGM has been a focus for the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) since its inception, and thus many of the problems that might be associated with simulating such a radically different climate are well documented. The LGM state provides an ideal case study for evaluating climate model performance because the changes in forcing and temperature between the LGM and pre-industrial are of the same order of magnitude as those projected for the end of the 21st century. Thus, the CMIP6 LGM experiment could provide additional information that can be used to constrain estimates of climate sensitivity. The design of the Tier 1 LGM experiment (lgm) includes an assessment of uncertainties in boundary conditions, in particular through the use of different reconstructions of the ice sheets and of the change in dust forcing. Additional (Tier 2) sensitivity experiments have been designed to quantify feedbacks associated with land-surface changes and aerosol loadings, and to isolate the role of individual forcings. Model analysis and evaluation will capitalize on the relative abundance of paleoenvironmental observations and quantitative climate reconstructions already available for the LGM.",
author = "Masa Kageyama and Samuel Albani and Pascale Braconnot and Harrison, {Sandy P} and Hopcroft, {Peter O.} and Ivanovic, {Ruza F} and Fabrice Lambert and Olivier Marti and {Richard Peltier}, W. and Peterschmitt, {Jean Yves} and Roche, {Didier M.} and Lev Tarasov and Xu Zhang and Brady, {Esther C.} and Haywood, {Alan M.} and Legrande, {Allegra N.} and Lunt, {Daniel J.} and Mahowald, {Natalie M.} and Uwe Mikolajewicz and Nisancioglu, {Kerim H.} and Otto-Bliesner, {Bette L.} and Hans Renssen and Tomas, {Robert A.} and Qiong Zhang and Ayako Abe-Ouchi and Bartlein, {Patrick J.} and Jian Cao and Qiang Li and Gerrit Lohmann and Rumi Ohgaito and Xiaoxu Shi and Evgeny Volodin and Kohei Yoshida and Xiao Zhang and Weipeng Zheng",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
doi = "10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "4035--4055",
journal = "Geoscientific Model Development",
issn = "1991-959X",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
number = "11",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 - Part 4

T2 - Geoscientific Model Development

AU - Kageyama, Masa

AU - Albani, Samuel

AU - Braconnot, Pascale

AU - Harrison, Sandy P

AU - Hopcroft, Peter O.

AU - Ivanovic, Ruza F

AU - Lambert, Fabrice

AU - Marti, Olivier

AU - Richard Peltier, W.

AU - Peterschmitt, Jean Yves

AU - Roche, Didier M.

AU - Tarasov, Lev

AU - Zhang, Xu

AU - Brady, Esther C.

AU - Haywood, Alan M.

AU - Legrande, Allegra N.

AU - Lunt, Daniel J.

AU - Mahowald, Natalie M.

AU - Mikolajewicz, Uwe

AU - Nisancioglu, Kerim H.

AU - Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.

AU - Renssen, Hans

AU - Tomas, Robert A.

AU - Zhang, Qiong

AU - Abe-Ouchi, Ayako

AU - Bartlein, Patrick J.

AU - Cao, Jian

AU - Li, Qiang

AU - Lohmann, Gerrit

AU - Ohgaito, Rumi

AU - Shi, Xiaoxu

AU - Volodin, Evgeny

AU - Yoshida, Kohei

AU - Zhang, Xiao

AU - Zheng, Weipeng

PY - 2017/11

Y1 - 2017/11

N2 - The Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 21 000 years ago) is one of the suite of paleoclimate simulations included in the current phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6). It is an interval when insolation was similar to the present, but global ice volume was at a maximum, eustatic sea level was at or close to a minimum, greenhouse gas concentrations were lower, atmospheric aerosol loadings were higher than today, and vegetation and land-surface characteristics were different from today. The LGM has been a focus for the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) since its inception, and thus many of the problems that might be associated with simulating such a radically different climate are well documented. The LGM state provides an ideal case study for evaluating climate model performance because the changes in forcing and temperature between the LGM and pre-industrial are of the same order of magnitude as those projected for the end of the 21st century. Thus, the CMIP6 LGM experiment could provide additional information that can be used to constrain estimates of climate sensitivity. The design of the Tier 1 LGM experiment (lgm) includes an assessment of uncertainties in boundary conditions, in particular through the use of different reconstructions of the ice sheets and of the change in dust forcing. Additional (Tier 2) sensitivity experiments have been designed to quantify feedbacks associated with land-surface changes and aerosol loadings, and to isolate the role of individual forcings. Model analysis and evaluation will capitalize on the relative abundance of paleoenvironmental observations and quantitative climate reconstructions already available for the LGM.

AB - The Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 21 000 years ago) is one of the suite of paleoclimate simulations included in the current phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6). It is an interval when insolation was similar to the present, but global ice volume was at a maximum, eustatic sea level was at or close to a minimum, greenhouse gas concentrations were lower, atmospheric aerosol loadings were higher than today, and vegetation and land-surface characteristics were different from today. The LGM has been a focus for the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) since its inception, and thus many of the problems that might be associated with simulating such a radically different climate are well documented. The LGM state provides an ideal case study for evaluating climate model performance because the changes in forcing and temperature between the LGM and pre-industrial are of the same order of magnitude as those projected for the end of the 21st century. Thus, the CMIP6 LGM experiment could provide additional information that can be used to constrain estimates of climate sensitivity. The design of the Tier 1 LGM experiment (lgm) includes an assessment of uncertainties in boundary conditions, in particular through the use of different reconstructions of the ice sheets and of the change in dust forcing. Additional (Tier 2) sensitivity experiments have been designed to quantify feedbacks associated with land-surface changes and aerosol loadings, and to isolate the role of individual forcings. Model analysis and evaluation will capitalize on the relative abundance of paleoenvironmental observations and quantitative climate reconstructions already available for the LGM.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85033373220&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017

DO - 10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 4035

EP - 4055

JO - Geoscientific Model Development

JF - Geoscientific Model Development

SN - 1991-959X

IS - 11

ER -