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The relationship between viscoelasticity and elasticity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review X
DateSubmitted - 29 May 2019

Abstract

We consider models for elastic liquids, such as solutions of flexible polymers. They introduce a relaxation time $\lambda$ into the system,
over which stresses relax. We study the kinematics of the problem, and clarify the relationship between Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions, thereby showing which polymer models correspond to a nonlinear elastic
deformation in the limit $\lambda\rightarrow\infty$. This allows us to
split the change in elastic energy into reversible and dissipative parts, and thus to write an equation for the total energy, the sum of kinetic
and elastic energies. As an illustration, we show how the presence or absence of an elastic limit determines the fate of an elastic thread during capillary instability, using novel numerical schemes based on our insights into the flow kinematics.

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