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Towards a decision support tool for intensive care discharge: Machine learning algorithm development using electronic healthcare data from MIMIC-III and Bristol, UK

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere025925
Number of pages8
JournalBMJ Open
Volume9
Issue number3
Early online date7 Mar 2019
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 19 Dec 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 7 Mar 2019
DatePublished (current) - 7 Mar 2019

Abstract

Objective
The primary objective is to develop an automated method for detecting patients that are ready for discharge from intensive care.

Design
We used two datasets of routinely collected patient data to test and improve upon a set of previously proposed discharge criteria.

Setting
Bristol Royal Infirmary general intensive care unit (GICU).

Patients
Two cohorts derived from historical datasets: 1870 intensive care patients from GICU in Bristol, and 7592 from MIMIC-III (a publicly available intensive care dataset).

Results
In both cohorts few successfully discharged patients met all of the discharge criteria. Both a random forest and a logistic classifier, trained using multiple-source cross-validation, demonstrated improved performance over the original criteria and generalised well between the cohorts. The classifiers showed good agreement on which features were most predictive of readiness-fordischarge, and these were generally consistent with clinical experience. By weighting the discharge criteria according to feature importance from the logistic model we showed improved performance over the original criteria, while retaining good interpretability.

Conclusions
Our findings indicate the feasibility of the proposed approach to ready-for-discharge classification, which could complement other risk models of specific adverse outcomes in a future decision support system. Avenues for improvement to produce a clinically useful tool are identified.

    Research areas

  • patient discharge, machine learning, clinical decision support, critical care, patient flow

    Structured keywords

  • Cognitive Science
  • Visual Perception

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  • Full-text PDF (final published version)

    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via BMJ at https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/9/3/e025925. Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Final published version, 632 KB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY

  • Supplementary information PDF

    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via BMJ at https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/9/3/e025925. Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Final published version, 853 KB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY

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