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Viral, bacterial, and fungal infections of the oral mucosa: Types, incidence, predisposing factors, diagnostic algorithms, and management

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-176
Number of pages29
JournalPeriodontology 2000
Volume80
Issue number1
Early online date15 May 2019
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 1 May 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print - 15 May 2019
DatePublished (current) - 1 Jun 2019

Abstract

For millions of years, microbiota residing within us, including those in the oral cavity, coexisted in a harmonious symbiotic fashion that provided a quintessential foundation for human health. It is now clear that disruption of such a healthy relationship leading to microbial dysbiosis causes a wide array of infections, ranging from localized, mild, superficial infections to deep, disseminated life-threatening diseases. With recent advances in research, diagnostics, and improved surveillance we are witnessing an array of emerging and re-emerging oral infections and orofacial manifestations of systemic infections. Orofacial infections may cause significant discomfort to the patients and unnecessary economic burden. Thus, the early recognition of such infections is paramount for holistic patient management, and oral clinicians have a critical role in recognizing, diagnosing, managing, and preventing either new or old orofacial infections. This paper aims to provide an update on current understanding of well-established and emerging viral, bacterial, and fungal infections manifesting in the human oral cavity.

Additional information

© 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Wiley at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/prd.12273. Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

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  • Supplementary information PDF

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Wiley at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/prd.12273. Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

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