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Visual composition of graphical elements on non-rectangular displays

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Publisher or commissioning bodyAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781450346559
DateAccepted/In press - 11 Dec 2016
DatePublished (current) - 2 May 2017


Graphical user interfaces are composed of varying elements (text, images, etc.) whose visual arrangement has been relatively well established in the context of rectangular interfaces. The advent of non-rectangular displays questions this knowledge. In this paper we study how traditional content layouts can be adapted to fit different non-rectangular displays. We performed a first qualitative study where graphic designers fitted text and images into different non-rectangular displays. From the analysis of their output we generalize and adapt ten composition principles that have been proposed in the literature for rectangular displays. We evaluate the revised principles through a paired comparison questionnaire where 57 participants compared pairs of layouts. Using the Bradley-Terry-Luce model to analyze our data we show that some results contradict current conventions on visual design for rectangular displays. We then extracted the most interesting cases and conducted a follow up study with additional shapes to investigate how the principles generalize. From these results we propose a set of guidelines for designing visual content for non-rectangular displays.

    Research areas

  • Freeform display, non-rectangular display, Visual design guidelines, H5.2 , User interface

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    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via ACM Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 868 KB, PDF document


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