Skip to content

Visual localisation and individual identification of Holstein Friesian cattle via deep learning

Research output: ResearchConference contribution

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE International Conference of Computer Vision Workshop 2017 (ICCVW)
Publisher or commissioning bodyInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
StateAccepted/In press - 21 Aug 2017
EventInternational Conference of Computer Vision 2017 - Venice, Italy
Duration: 22 Oct 2017 → …


ConferenceInternational Conference of Computer Vision 2017
Period22/10/17 → …


In this paper, we demonstrate that computer vision pipelines utilising deep neural architectures are well-suited to perform automated Holstein Friesian cattle detection as well as individual identification in agriculturally relevant
setups. To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first to apply deep learning to the task of automated visual bovine identification. We show that off-the-shelf networks can perform end-to-end identification of individuals in top-down still imagery acquired from fixed cameras. We then introduce a video processing pipeline composed of standard components to efficiently process dynamic herd footage filmed by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). We report on these setups, as well as the context, training and evaluation of their components. We publish alongside new datasets: FriesianCattle2017 of in-barn top-down imagery, and AerialCattle2017 of outdoor cattle footage filmed by
a DJI Inspire MkI UAV. We show that Friesian cattle detection and localisation can be performed robustly with an accuracy of 99.3% on this data. We evaluate individual identification exploiting coat uniqueness on 940 RGB stills taken after milking in-barn (89 individuals, accuracy = 86.1%). We also evaluate identification via a video processing pipeline on 46,430 frames originating from 34 clips (approx. 20 s length each) of UAV footage taken during grazing
(23 individuals, accuracy = 98.1%). These tests suggest that, particularly when videoing small herds in uncluttered environments, an application of marker-less Friesian cattleidentification is not only feasible using standard deep learning
components – it appears robust enough to assist existing tagging methods.


International Conference of Computer Vision 2017: VWM Workshop

Duration22 Oct 2017 → …

Event: Conference



  • Full-text PDF (accepted author manuscript)

    Accepted author manuscript, 4 MB, PDF-document

    Embargo ends: 1/01/99

    Request copy

View research connections

Related faculties, schools or groups