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Vulnerability of bridges to scour: Insights from an international expert elicitation workshop

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Vulnerability of bridges to scour : Insights from an international expert elicitation workshop. / Lamb, Rob; Aspinall, Willy; Odbert, Henry; Wagener, Thorsten.

In: Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 8, 11.08.2017, p. 1393-1409.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Lamb, R, Aspinall, W, Odbert, H & Wagener, T 2017, 'Vulnerability of bridges to scour: Insights from an international expert elicitation workshop', Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1393-1409. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-17-1393-2017

APA

Lamb, R., Aspinall, W., Odbert, H., & Wagener, T. (2017). Vulnerability of bridges to scour: Insights from an international expert elicitation workshop. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 17(8), 1393-1409. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-17-1393-2017

Vancouver

Lamb R, Aspinall W, Odbert H, Wagener T. Vulnerability of bridges to scour: Insights from an international expert elicitation workshop. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 2017 Aug 11;17(8):1393-1409. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-17-1393-2017

Author

Lamb, Rob ; Aspinall, Willy ; Odbert, Henry ; Wagener, Thorsten. / Vulnerability of bridges to scour : Insights from an international expert elicitation workshop. In: Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 8. pp. 1393-1409.

Bibtex

@article{786a193457e648738c8766542ff9ed42,
title = "Vulnerability of bridges to scour: Insights from an international expert elicitation workshop",
abstract = "Scour (localised erosion) during flood events is one of the most significant threats to bridges over rivers and estuaries, and has been the cause of numerous bridge failures, with damaging consequences. Mitigation of the risk of bridges being damaged by scour is therefore important to many infrastructure owners, and is supported by industry guidance. Even after mitigation, some residual risk remains, though its extent is difficult to quantify because of the uncertainties inherent in the prediction of scour and the assessment of the scour risk. This paper summarises findings from an international expert workshop on bridge scour risk assessment that explores uncertainties about the vulnerability of bridges to scour. Two specialised structured elicitation methods were applied to explore the factors that experts in the field consider important when assessing scour risk and to derive pooled expert judgements of bridge failure probabilities that are conditional on a range of assumed scenarios describing flood event severity, bridge and watercourse types and risk mitigation protocols. The experts' judgements broadly align with industry good practice, but indicate significant uncertainty about quantitative estimates of bridge failure probabilities, reflecting the difficulty in assessing the residual risk of failure. The data and findings presented here could provide a useful context for the development of generic scour fragility models and their associated uncertainties.",
author = "Rob Lamb and Willy Aspinall and Henry Odbert and Thorsten Wagener",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "11",
doi = "10.5194/nhess-17-1393-2017",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "1393--1409",
journal = "Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences",
issn = "1561-8633",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
number = "8",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vulnerability of bridges to scour

T2 - Insights from an international expert elicitation workshop

AU - Lamb, Rob

AU - Aspinall, Willy

AU - Odbert, Henry

AU - Wagener, Thorsten

PY - 2017/8/11

Y1 - 2017/8/11

N2 - Scour (localised erosion) during flood events is one of the most significant threats to bridges over rivers and estuaries, and has been the cause of numerous bridge failures, with damaging consequences. Mitigation of the risk of bridges being damaged by scour is therefore important to many infrastructure owners, and is supported by industry guidance. Even after mitigation, some residual risk remains, though its extent is difficult to quantify because of the uncertainties inherent in the prediction of scour and the assessment of the scour risk. This paper summarises findings from an international expert workshop on bridge scour risk assessment that explores uncertainties about the vulnerability of bridges to scour. Two specialised structured elicitation methods were applied to explore the factors that experts in the field consider important when assessing scour risk and to derive pooled expert judgements of bridge failure probabilities that are conditional on a range of assumed scenarios describing flood event severity, bridge and watercourse types and risk mitigation protocols. The experts' judgements broadly align with industry good practice, but indicate significant uncertainty about quantitative estimates of bridge failure probabilities, reflecting the difficulty in assessing the residual risk of failure. The data and findings presented here could provide a useful context for the development of generic scour fragility models and their associated uncertainties.

AB - Scour (localised erosion) during flood events is one of the most significant threats to bridges over rivers and estuaries, and has been the cause of numerous bridge failures, with damaging consequences. Mitigation of the risk of bridges being damaged by scour is therefore important to many infrastructure owners, and is supported by industry guidance. Even after mitigation, some residual risk remains, though its extent is difficult to quantify because of the uncertainties inherent in the prediction of scour and the assessment of the scour risk. This paper summarises findings from an international expert workshop on bridge scour risk assessment that explores uncertainties about the vulnerability of bridges to scour. Two specialised structured elicitation methods were applied to explore the factors that experts in the field consider important when assessing scour risk and to derive pooled expert judgements of bridge failure probabilities that are conditional on a range of assumed scenarios describing flood event severity, bridge and watercourse types and risk mitigation protocols. The experts' judgements broadly align with industry good practice, but indicate significant uncertainty about quantitative estimates of bridge failure probabilities, reflecting the difficulty in assessing the residual risk of failure. The data and findings presented here could provide a useful context for the development of generic scour fragility models and their associated uncertainties.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85027304843&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5194/nhess-17-1393-2017

DO - 10.5194/nhess-17-1393-2017

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 1393

EP - 1409

JO - Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences

JF - Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences

SN - 1561-8633

IS - 8

ER -