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What types of physical activities are effective in developing muscle and bone strength and balance?

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What types of physical activities are effective in developing muscle and bone strength and balance? / Foster, Charlie; Armstrong, Miranda.

In: Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia and Falls, Vol. 3, No. 2, 01.06.2018, p. 58-65.

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@article{98e1b56690fe4ec7aacd6353a3b32c34,
title = "What types of physical activities are effective in developing muscle and bone strength and balance?",
abstract = "The need to be fit, strong, fast and agile has been an evolutionary requirement since early history. In this paper we identify the effectiveness of different types of physical activity on muscle, bone and balance outcomes, and what types of physical activity contribute to the development and maintenance of these outcomes. We undertook a purposive search of PubMed, international evidence reviews of physical activity, and asked international experts to identify review level relevant literature on the effectiveness of muscle, bone and balance training and physical activity on health outcomes. We found consistent review level evidence that strength/resistance training as a single intervention or in combination with other activities, two/three occasions per week, were effective for muscular strength, with higher intensities of training producing greater gains. We found consistent review level evidence that strength training as a single intervention or in combination with high impact loading activities taken at least 3 times per week were effective for bone health. Physical activities with a high challenge to balance done in standing three times per week were beneficial for balance training and falls reduction. The current UK 2011 Chief Medical Officer’s physical activity guidelines remain consistent with the most up to date review level evidence for muscle and balance health.",
keywords = "Strength, Balance, Exercise, Bone, Physical activity",
author = "Charlie Foster and Miranda Armstrong",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.22540/JFSF-03-058",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "58--65",
journal = "Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia and Falls",
issn = "2459-4148",
number = "2",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - What types of physical activities are effective in developing muscle and bone strength and balance?

AU - Foster, Charlie

AU - Armstrong, Miranda

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - The need to be fit, strong, fast and agile has been an evolutionary requirement since early history. In this paper we identify the effectiveness of different types of physical activity on muscle, bone and balance outcomes, and what types of physical activity contribute to the development and maintenance of these outcomes. We undertook a purposive search of PubMed, international evidence reviews of physical activity, and asked international experts to identify review level relevant literature on the effectiveness of muscle, bone and balance training and physical activity on health outcomes. We found consistent review level evidence that strength/resistance training as a single intervention or in combination with other activities, two/three occasions per week, were effective for muscular strength, with higher intensities of training producing greater gains. We found consistent review level evidence that strength training as a single intervention or in combination with high impact loading activities taken at least 3 times per week were effective for bone health. Physical activities with a high challenge to balance done in standing three times per week were beneficial for balance training and falls reduction. The current UK 2011 Chief Medical Officer’s physical activity guidelines remain consistent with the most up to date review level evidence for muscle and balance health.

AB - The need to be fit, strong, fast and agile has been an evolutionary requirement since early history. In this paper we identify the effectiveness of different types of physical activity on muscle, bone and balance outcomes, and what types of physical activity contribute to the development and maintenance of these outcomes. We undertook a purposive search of PubMed, international evidence reviews of physical activity, and asked international experts to identify review level relevant literature on the effectiveness of muscle, bone and balance training and physical activity on health outcomes. We found consistent review level evidence that strength/resistance training as a single intervention or in combination with other activities, two/three occasions per week, were effective for muscular strength, with higher intensities of training producing greater gains. We found consistent review level evidence that strength training as a single intervention or in combination with high impact loading activities taken at least 3 times per week were effective for bone health. Physical activities with a high challenge to balance done in standing three times per week were beneficial for balance training and falls reduction. The current UK 2011 Chief Medical Officer’s physical activity guidelines remain consistent with the most up to date review level evidence for muscle and balance health.

KW - Strength

KW - Balance

KW - Exercise

KW - Bone

KW - Physical activity

U2 - 10.22540/JFSF-03-058

DO - 10.22540/JFSF-03-058

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 58

EP - 65

JO - Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia and Falls

JF - Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia and Falls

SN - 2459-4148

IS - 2

ER -